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Operational Structure

The Reserve Bank is managed by the Governor, Philip Lowe, and the Deputy Governor, Guy Debelle. It has five operational groups – Business Services Group, Corporate Services Group, Economic Group, Financial Markets Group and Financial System Group – and six supporting departments.

Business Services Group

Assistant Governor: Lindsay Boulton

Business Services Group provides transactions-based services to the Reserve Bank’s customers and other important stakeholders. In particular, it provides banking services to the Australian Government and its agencies as well as to other central banks and is responsible for the distribution of Australia’s banknotes. It also provides payment settlement services to financial institutions. The Group comprises three departments: Banking; Note Issue; and Payments Settlements.

Banking Department

Head: Michelle McPhee
Deputy Head: Bipan Arora, Stephanie Connors

Banking Department provides a range of banking services to Australian government departments and agencies as well as a number of overseas central banks and official institutions. The services broadly comprise two activities – management of the government’s core accounts and transactional banking. Sydney-based staff are responsible for the direction, administration and development of the department’s work, while the day-to-day interaction with customers is largely managed by staff in the Canberra Branch.

Note Issue Department

Head: Melissa Hope
Deputy Head: James Holloway

The Reserve Bank is responsible for the issue, reissue and cancellation of Australian banknotes. Its primary purpose in carrying out this role is to maintain the capacity of Australian banknotes to provide a safe, secure and reliable means of payment and store of value. The Bank works with its wholly owned subsidiary, Note Printing Australia Limited (NPA), to design and produce banknotes. The Bank distributes banknotes to financial institutions, monitors and maintains banknote quality in circulation and withdraws unfit banknotes from circulation. It also monitors and analyses counterfeiting trends and conducts research into banknote security technology.

Payments Settlements Department

Head: Greg Johnston
Deputy Head: Keith Drayton, Peter Gallagher

Payments Settlements Department is responsible for the settlement of high-value payments and interbank obligations arising from the conduct of Exchange Settlement Accounts and the Reserve Bank’s own trading activities, as well as operation of the Reserve Bank Information and Transfer System (RITS), Australia’s real-time gross settlement system (RTGS). RITS includes the Fast Settlements Service, which Payments Settlements Department operates on an RTGS basis 24 hours a day, seven days a week for settlement of New Payments Platform transactions. Services are also provided for the clearing and settlement of low-value payments, such as those arising from cheque and direct entry transactions.

Corporate Services Group

Assistant Governor: Susan Woods

Corporate Services Group is responsible for the delivery of technology systems and infrastructure, facilities management services, procurement and data governance to support the day-to-day operations of the Bank. It comprises the Information Technology Department, Workplace Department and the Enterprise Data Office.

Information Technology Department

Chief Information Officer: Gayan Benedict
Deputy Head: Julian Israel, David Kricker (Acting)

Information Technology Department is responsible for developing and maintaining reliable, resilient and secure information technology to support the Reserve Bank’s policy, operational and corporate functions. In fulfilling these responsibilities, the department delivers and maintains the Bank’s technology systems and infrastructure, provides ongoing system quality assurance, and maintains the Bank’s information security, including its cyber-security defensive controls. The department also supports technology planning for the Bank, which includes catering for emerging and future technology requirements.

Workplace Department

Head: Bruce Harries
Deputy Head: Ed Jacka

Workplace Department is responsible for management of the Reserve Bank’s physical assets, the maintenance of its properties and building infrastructure, the delivery of workplace services, and the management and oversight of procurement activity, including strategic vendor management. Key activities include oversight of the provision of key building services, building maintenance and upgrade, workspace fit-outs, physical and protective security, catering, cleaning and environmental risk management for the effective operation of the Bank and the safety, security, amenity and wellbeing of staff.

Economic Group

Assistant Governor: Luci Ellis

Economic Group is responsible for analysis of economic trends, both domestic and overseas, forecasting and research relevant to the framing of policy in a number of areas of the Reserve Bank’s responsibility. It consists of Economic Analysis Department and Economic Research Department.

Economic Analysis Department

Head: Alexandra Heath
Deputy Head: Lynne Cockerell, Merylin Coombs, Carl Schwartz

Economic Analysis Department monitors and forecasts trends in the domestic and international economies, provides regular advice on these developments and monetary policy to the Governors and the Reserve Bank Board, contributes to the work of various external bodies, maintains contacts with relevant external analysts, undertakes applied research and prepares reports for publication.

The Reserve Bank maintains four State Offices to conduct economic liaison across Australia. Staff in these offices hold regular discussions with individual firms and organisations in both the private and public sectors, and assist with communication to the wider community.

The Bank also has an office in Beijing, which is responsible for monitoring Chinese economic and financial developments as well as maintaining relationships with government and private sector entities in China.

Economic Research Department

Head: John Simon
Deputy Head: Vacant

Economic Research Department undertakes longer-term research into issues relevant to the Reserve Bank’s responsibilities, including research on the Australian economy, monetary policy, financial stability, the payments system and the operation of financial markets. Results of this research are published in the Research Discussion Paper series. The department organises a major annual conference and an annual research workshop. In addition, it organises a program of internal seminars, hosts a number of invited visitors each year and is responsible for administering a comprehensive library service for the Bank.

Financial Markets Group

Assistant Governor: Christopher Kent

Financial Markets Group is responsible for implementing the Reserve Bank’s operations in domestic and foreign exchange markets, monitoring developments in financial markets and coordinating the Bank’s relationships with international institutions. The group consists of Domestic Markets Department and International Department.

Domestic Markets Department

Head: Marion Kohler
Deputy Head: Andrea Brischetto

Domestic Markets Department is responsible for the Reserve Bank’s operations in the domestic money and bond markets. The department analyses developments in domestic financial markets, including the cost and availability of finance through financial intermediaries and capital markets, and provides regular advice to the Governors and the Reserve Bank Board on these issues.

International Department

Head: Bradley Jones
Deputy Head: Matthew Boge, David Jacobs

International Department is responsible for the Reserve Bank’s foreign exchange operations, the investment of international reserve holdings of gold and foreign exchange, and the provision of regular advice on developments in international financial markets to the Governors and the Reserve Bank Board. The department is also responsible for maintaining the Bank’s relations with a number of major international institutions.

Chief Representative in Europe: Michael Davies
Chief Representative in New York: Michael Plumb

The Representative Offices in London and New York come under the umbrella of the Financial Markets Group. The European Representative Office in London maintains liaison with central banks and other institutions and authorities in Europe, including the Bank for International Settlements and the Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development. The New York Representative Office performs similar functions in North America. Both of these offices monitor economic and financial developments in their respective local markets, and assist with the Reserve Bank’s foreign exchange operations and investment of international reserves.

The Financial Market Group’s Business Support Services area provides project delivery, market data management and operational support services, in conjunction with the Information Technology Department, for the Reserve Bank’s investment and trading operations.

Financial System Group

Assistant Governor: Michele Bullock

Financial System Group supports the Reserve Bank’s broad responsibilities for financial system stability and its role in payments system oversight and regulation. The group consists of Financial Stability Department and Payments Policy Department.

Financial Stability Department

Head: Jonathan Kearns
Deputy Head: Darren Flood, Penny Smith

Financial Stability Department analyses the implications for financial system stability of developments in the macroeconomy, financial markets and the financial sector more generally, including areas such as patterns of financial intermediation, financial products and risk management techniques. The department provides advice on these issues to the Governors and the Reserve Bank Board and supports the Reserve Bank’s representation on bodies such as the Council of Financial Regulators, the Financial Stability Board and the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. It is responsible for producing the Bank’s semi-annual Financial Stability Review.

Payments Policy Department

Head: Tony Richards
Deputy Head: Sarah Harris, Chris Thompson

Payments Policy Department is responsible for developing and implementing the Reserve Bank’s payments system policy. It provides analysis and advice to the Payments System Board on improving the safety, efficiency and competitiveness of the payments system. The department is also responsible for oversight of Australia’s high-value payments, clearing and settlement facilities, and represents the Bank on the Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures of the Bank for International Settlements.

Audit Department

Head: Melissa Broadhead (Interim)

Audit Department is responsible for conducting independent appraisals of the Reserve Bank’s activities, functions and operations to ensure that an adequate framework of internal control has been established and is operating effectively. The Head of Audit Department reports to the Deputy Governor and the Chair of the Reserve Bank Board Audit Committee.

Finance Department

Chief Financial Officer: Robert Middleton-Jones
Financial Controller: Sam Tomaras

Finance Department is responsible for the Reserve Bank’s financial statements and taxation reporting obligations, prepares the Bank’s budget and provides a range of support services, including corporate payments, payroll and travel. Finance also manages the Bank’s Enterprise Portfolio Management Office.

Human Resources Department

Head: Michael Andersen

Human Resources Department provides a range of people-related services to support the Reserve Bank in maintaining a productive and engaged workforce. This includes sourcing high-quality employees as well as implementing policies and programs that cover employment conditions, reward, development, diversity and workplace health and safety.

Information Department

Head: Jacqui Dwyer

Information Department is responsible for the Reserve Bank’s information management framework, information governance, records management system and its archives. It facilitates public access to Bank records and archival material. It also manages the Reserve Bank of Australia Museum and a program of public education, with particular focus on supporting economics students and educators.

Risk and Compliance Department

Head: Chris Aylmer

Risk and Compliance Department supports the consistent and effective application of the Reserve Bank’s framework for managing risk, both at the enterprise level and for individual business units. It assists departments to identify, understand and manage their compliance obligations. It also monitors and reports on portfolio risks and compliance with respect to the Bank’s operations in financial markets. The department is responsible for secretariat and coordination services and advice for the Risk Management Committee. The Head of Risk and Compliance Department reports to the Deputy Governor.

Secretary's Department

Secretary: Anthony Dickman
Deputy Secretary: Ellis Connolly
General Counsel: Catherine Parr
Deputy General Counsel: Peter Jones

Secretary’s Department provides secretariat and coordination services and advice on governance matters for the Governors, the Reserve Bank Board and its Audit and Remuneration committees, the Payments System Board and the Executive Committee. Secretary’s Department is responsible for the Reserve Bank’s communication, including preparing and publishing Reserve Bank information, maintaining the Bank’s websites and handling enquiries from the media and general public. In addition, the department provides legal services to the Bank through the General Counsel (who reports directly to the Deputy Governor), coordinates a range of contacts with government, the parliament, other central banks and international organisations, and arranges programs for international visitors.

Wholly owned subsidiary: Note Printing Australia Limited (NPA)

NPA is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Reserve Bank. NPA operates under a charter reviewed and approved annually by the Reserve Bank Board. See the chapter on ‘Governance and Accountability’ for further detail about the governance of NPA.

NPA’s prime function is the efficient and cost-effective production of high-quality and secure Australian banknotes, in accordance with specifications and requirements set by the Reserve Bank. NPA also undertakes other activities, including developing and producing passports for the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, producing banknotes for other issuing authorities and producing other security products.

NPA’s Executive Committee, comprising its Chief Executive Officer and the heads of NPA’s nine business areas, is responsible for the operational and administrative management of NPA. As at the end of June 2019, NPA employed 251 permanent staff.

The annual financial accounts of NPA are consolidated with those of the Reserve Bank.

Governor Philip Lowe

Deputy Governor Guy Debelle

Business Services

Corporate Services

Economic

Financial Markets

Financial System

Assistant Governor Lindsay Boulton

Assistant Governor Susan Woods

Assistant Governor Luci Ellis

Assistant Governor Christopher Kent

Assistant Governor Michele Bullock

Banking Department

Note Issue Department

Payments Settlements Department

Workplace Department

Information Technology Department

Economic Analysis Department

Economic Research Department

Domestic Markets Department

International Department

European and New York Offices

Business Support Services

Financial Stability Department

Payments Policy Department

Head

Michelle McPhee

Head

Melissa Hope

Head

Greg Johnston

Head

Bruce Harries

Chief Information Officer

Gayan Benedict

Head

Alexandra Heath

Head

John Simon

Head

Marion Kohler

Head

Bradley Jones

Eurpoean Chief Representative

Michael Davies

Head

Jonathan Kearns

Head

Tony Richards

Deputy Head

Bipan Arora

Stephanie Connors

Deputy Head

James Holloway

Deputy Head

Keith Drayton

Peter Gallagher

Deputy Head

Ed Jacka

Deputy Head

Julian Israel

David Kricker (Acting)

Deputy Head

Lynne Cockerell

Merylin Coombs

Carl Schwartz

Deputy Head

Vacant

Deputy Head

Andrea Brischetto

Deputy Head

Matthew Boge

David Jacobs

New York Chief Representative

Micheal Plumb

Deputy Head

Darren Flood

Penny Smith

Deputy Head

Sarah Harris

Chris Thompson

Audit Department

Finance Department

Human Resources Department

Information Department

Risk and Compliance Department

Secretary's Department

Head

Melissa Broadhead

(Interim)

Chief Financial Officer

Robert Middleton-Jones

Head

Micheal Andersen

Head

Jacqui Dwyer

Head

Chris Aylmer

Secretary

Anthony Dickman

General Council

Catherine Parr

Financial Controller

Sam Tomaras

Deputy Secretary

Ellis Connolly

Deputy General Counsel

Peter Jones