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Note 10: Financial Instruments

2020

2019

$

$

Note 10: Categories of Financial Instruments

Financial assets at amortised cost

Loans and receivables:

Cash and cash equivalents

87,964

147,805

Trade and other receivables

30,282

18,118

Total financial assets at amortised cost

118,246

165,923

Total financial assets

118,246

165,923

Financial Liabilities

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost:

Suppliers and other payables

1,526,871

607,966

Total financial liabilities

1,526,871

607,966

The Office derived no interest income from financial assets in either the current and prior year.

Financial assets

"With the implementation of AASB 9 Financial Instruments for the first time in 2019, the Office classifies its financial assets as financial assets at amortised cost. The classification depends on both the entity's business model for managing the financial assets and contractual cash flow characteristics at the time of initial recognition. Financial assets are recognised when the entity becomes a party to the contract and, as a consequence, has a legal right to receive or a legal obligation to pay cash and derecognised when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or are transferred upon trade date.

Financial Assets at Amortised Cost

"Financial assets included in this category need to meet two criteria:

1. the financial asset is held in order to collect the contractual cash flows; and
2. the cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI) on the principal outstanding amount.

Amortised cost is determined using the effective interest method.

Effective Interest Method

Income is recognised on an effective interest rate basis for financial assets that are recognised at amortised cost.

Impairment of Financial Assets

Financial assets are assessed for impairment at the end of each reporting period based on Expected Credit Losses, using the general approach which measures the loss allowance based on an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses where risk has significantly increased, or an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses if risk has not increased.

The simplified approach for trade, contract and lease receivables is used. This approach always measures the loss allowance as the amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses.

A write-off constitutes a derecognition event where the write-off directly reduces the gross carrying amount of the financial asset.

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are classified as 'other financial liabilities'. Financial liabilities are recognised and derecognised upon ‘trade date’.

Financial Liabilities at Amortised Cost

Supplier and other payables are recognised at amortised cost. Liabilities are recognised to the extent that the goods or services have been received (and irrespective of having been invoiced).