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Appendix E: Glossary and acronyms

Australian Defence Force.

Automated driving system.

Average gross mass kilometres. A measure of the general impact of a load on the road.

Australian Local Government Association.

Australian Road Rules. A national set of rules that apply to vehicle drivers, passengers, cyclists and pedestrians.

Australian Defence Force Road Transport Exemption Framework
A framework that provides nationally uniform exemptions for the use of ADF vehicles and equipment on public roads.

Australian Light Vehicle Standards Rules
A model law that sets standards that vehicles must comply with to be driven on roads and road-related areas.

The association of Australasian road transport and traffic agencies.

Automated vehicle. A road or rail vehicle that is partially or fully automated, meaning some or
all of the driving task can be handled by the vehicle and not a human driver.

Carbon emissions intensity
In respect of a motorised vehicle: grams of carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted per kilometre (g/km) travelled.

Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems. Emerging technologies that enable vehicles and surrounding infrastructure to exchange information about the location, speed and direction of other road users also using C-ITS.

CO2 emissions
Carbon dioxide emissions. In respect of a motorised vehicle: the discharge of carbon dioxide, formed as part of the process of catalytic conversion within the engine.

The coronavirus disease that started a global pandemic in early 2020.

Equivalent standard axle kilometres. A measure of pavement wear.

Gross Value Added.

Heavy Vehicle National Law. A law to underpin the NHVR and which consolidates existing legislation to achieve national consistency.

Inter-Governmental Agreement. In respect of the NTC: an agreement between the Australian states, territories and the Commonwealth Government relating to the establishment and role of the NTC to progress regulation and operational reform for road, rail and intermodal transport.

Intermodal transport
The use of more than one mode of transport for a journey. For the NTC it refers to transportation of freight in a container using multiple modes of transport, being rail, truck or ship without the freight being handled in the change of modes.

Infrastructure and Transport Ministers' Meeting (previously the Transport and Infrastructure Council). Commonwealth, state, territory and New Zealand ministers with responsibility for transport and infrastructure issues, and the Australian Local Government Association.

Infrastructure and Transport Senior Officials’ Committee. A committee that provides support and advice to the Infrastructure and Transport Ministers' Meeting. Its membership comprises the chief executive officers of state and territory transport and/or infrastructure departments, the Australian Local Government Association and the NTC.

Light commercial vehicle. A light vehicle which is also registered as a commercial vehicle.

Motor accident injury insurance. MAII schemes promote compulsory personal injury insurance cover for motor vehicle crashes.

National Reform Implementation Monitoring Report
A report prepared by the NTC annually to report on the progress of transport reforms agreed upon by Australia’s transport ministers.

National Heavy Vehicle Regulator. The NHVR administers one set of laws for heavy vehicles under
the HVNL.

Net Present Value.

National Rail Action Plan.

Office of the National Rail Safety Regulator. Established in 2012 to encourage and enforce safe railway operations and to promote and improve national rail safety.

Pay-as-you-go. In respect of heavy vehicle charging in Australia: the methodology used to calculate heavy vehicle registration and road user charges.

Passenger car equivalent kilometres. A measure of the relative space a vehicle type occupies on the road.

Regulation impact statement. A RIS is required for all regulatory proposals that are likely to have an impact on business or the not-for-profit sector.

Rail Safety National Law. A nationally consistent rail safety law, administered by the ONRSR.

Road User Charge. A charge by the federal government on diesel used by heavy vehicles on public roads. Also known as the fuel charge.

Three-axle buses
Buses traditionally used for long-distance regional charter and scheduled coach travel, and increasingly also for metro timetabled services due to greater passenger capacity.

Vehicle kilometres travelled.

Work health and safety.