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Appendix E: Glossary and acronyms

ADF
Australian Defence Force.

ADS
Automated driving system.

AGM-kms
Average gross mass kilometres. A measure of the general impact of a load on the road.

ALGA
Australian Local Government Association.

ARR
Australian Road Rules. A national set of rules that apply to vehicle drivers, passengers, cyclists and pedestrians.

Australian Defence Force Road Transport Exemption Framework
A framework that provides nationally uniform exemptions for the use of ADF vehicles and equipment on public roads.

Australian Light Vehicle Standards Rules
A model law that sets standards that vehicles must comply with to be driven on roads and road-related areas.

Austroads
The association of Australasian road transport and traffic agencies.

AV
Automated vehicle. A road or rail vehicle that is partially or fully automated, meaning some or
all of the driving task can be handled by the vehicle and not a human driver.

Carbon emissions intensity
In respect of a motorised vehicle: grams of carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted per kilometre (g/km) travelled.

C-ITS
Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems. Emerging technologies that enable vehicles and surrounding infrastructure to exchange information about the location, speed and direction of other road users also using C-ITS.

CO2 emissions
Carbon dioxide emissions. In respect of a motorised vehicle: the discharge of carbon dioxide, formed as part of the process of catalytic conversion within the engine.

Council
Transport and Infrastructure Council. A council of Commonwealth, state, territory and New Zealand ministers, and the Australian Local Government Association, with responsibility for transport and infrastructure issues.

COVID-19
The coronavirus disease that started a global pandemic in early 2020.

ESA-kms
Equivalent standard axle kilometres. A measure of pavement wear.

GVA
Gross Value Added.

HVNL
Heavy Vehicle National Law. A law to underpin the NHVR and which consolidates existing legislation to achieve national consistency.

IGA
Inter-Governmental Agreement. In respect of the NTC: an agreement between the Australian states, territories and the Commonwealth Government relating to the establishment and role of the NTC to progress regulation and operational reform for road, rail and intermodal transport.

Intermodal transport
The use of more than one mode of transport for a journey. For the NTC it refers to transportation of freight in a container using multiple modes of transport, being rail, truck or ship without the freight being handled in the change of modes.

LCV
Light commercial vehicle. A light vehicle which is also registered as a commercial vehicle.

MAII
Motor accident injury insurance. MAII schemes promote compulsory personal injury insurance cover for motor vehicle crashes.

National Reform Implementation Monitoring Report
A report prepared by the NTC annually to report on the progress of transport reforms agreed upon by Australia’s transport ministers.

NHVR
National Heavy Vehicle Regulator. The NHVR administers one set of laws for heavy vehicles under
the HVNL.

NPV
Net Present Value.

NRAP
National Rail Action Plan.

NTC
National Transport Commission. The statutory authority that develops and submits reform recommendations to the Transport and Infrastructure Council for approval.

ONRSR
Office of the National Rail Safety Regulator. Established in 2012 to encourage and enforce safe railway operations and to promote and improve national rail safety.

PAYGO
Pay-as-you-go. In respect of heavy vehicle charging in Australia: the methodology used to calculate heavy vehicle registration and road user charges.

PCU-kms
Passenger car equivalent kilometres. A measure of the relative space a vehicle type occupies on the road.

RIS
Regulation impact statement. A RIS is required for all regulatory proposals that are likely to have an impact on business or the not-for-profit sector.

RSNL
Rail Safety National Law. A nationally consistent rail safety law, administered by the ONRSR.

RUC
Road User Charge. A charge by the federal government on diesel used by heavy vehicles on public roads. Also known as the fuel charge.

Three-axle buses
Buses traditionally used for long-distance regional charter and scheduled coach travel, and increasingly also for metro timetabled services due to greater passenger capacity.

TISOC
Transport and Infrastructure Senior Officials’ Committee. A committee that provides support and advice to ministers on the Transport and Infrastructure Council. Its membership comprises the chief executive officers of state and territory transport and/or infrastructure departments, the Australian Local Government Association and the NTC.

VKT
Vehicle kilometres travelled.

WHS
Work health and safety.