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Performance results

The NTC's performance measures and targets for 2019–20 were set out at the beginning of this reporting period in the NTC's Corporate Plan and Portfolio Budget Statements.

Alignment with the NTC's Corporate Plan 2019–23

The NTC's Corporate Plan 2019–23 sets out how we will deliver on our purpose and the performance measures we will use to assess our delivery. The performance measures for 2019–20 assess efficiency, effectiveness, and how well we deliver on our purpose (our impact).

Alignment with Portfolio Budget Statements 2019–20

The Portfolio Budget Statements 2019–20 reflect the performance criteria outlined in the NTC's Corporate Plan and provide additional context around the NTC's outcome, purposes, and delivery.

  • Outcome: Improved transport productivity, efficiency, safety and environmental performance and regulatory efficiency in Australia through developing, monitoring and maintaining nationally consistent regulatory and operational arrangements relating to road, rail and intermodal transport.
  • Purposes:
    • Develop and propose changes to national law, model law and other related instruments and guidelines to improve transport productivity, efficiency, safety, environmental performance and regulatory efficiency.
    • Maintain and monitor those reforms agreed by the Transport and Infrastructure Council (the Council).
  • Delivery: The work program is delivered consistent with key performance criteria and targets.

Efficiency

The NTC delivers its projects on time and on budget

Performance measure 1

Portion of projects completed on time and on budget

Target

> 90%

Source

Results

100% – target exceeded

Analysis

There were 13 projects scheduled for completion in 2019 with all successfully completed. Each project on the NTC's Council-approved work program is managed and monitored to ensure it is delivered on time and within budget and scope. The projects completed in 2019–20 were:

  • Regulatory access to C-ITS and automated vehicle data: the Council endorsed design principles for government access to C-ITS and automated vehicle data to guide the NTC’s development of laws to regulate government access to automated vehicle data for compliance and enforcement purposes, and Austroads' development of the National Intelligent Transport Systems Architecture Framework.
  • Motor vehicle accident injury insurance review for automated vehicles: the Council agreed in August 2019 on a national approach to insurance for automated vehicles that requires existing motor accident injury insurance schemes to provide cover for automated vehicle crash injuries.
  • The National Rail Action Plan: in November 2019, the Council approved the National Rail Action Plan, a plan to improve the availability of skills in the rail industry, promote greater harmonisation of infrastructure and rolling stock, and greater interoperability of rail systems across Australia. The plan is being delivered by the NTC in conjunction with Commonwealth, state and territory governments and industry.
  • Carbon dioxide emissions intensity for new Australian light vehicles: the NTC published the Carbon Dioxide Emissions Intensity for New Australian Light Vehicles 2019 report in June 2020; this report is published annually to help inform governments, fleet managers and consumers about Australia’s purchasing trends and the collective impacts of our buying choices on carbon dioxide emissions intensity.
  • Rail Safety National Law: the Council approved legislative amendments to the Rail Safety National Law in November 2019.
  • Transport of dangerous goods (the Code and model laws): the Council approved the Australian Dangerous Goods Code 2020 and amendments to the model laws in June 2020.
  • Australian Road Rules: the Council approved legislative amendments to the Australian Road Rules in November 2019.
  • Vehicle standards: the Council approved legislative amendments for both light and heavy vehicle standards in November 2019.
  • 3-axle bus mass limits: in November 2018, the Council approved a gross mass limit increase for three-axle buses from 20 tonnes to 22 tonnes. The increase took effect on 10 December 2019 following approval of legislative amendments (Heavy Vehicle (Mass, Dimension and Loading) National Regulation) on 2 August 2019.
  • Economic analysis of increasing 3-axle bus mass limits: the NTC provided additional analysis to support future reviews of 3-axle bus mass limits.
  • Reform implementation monitoring report: the Council endorsed the National Transport Reform Implementation Monitoring Report 2019 in November 2019; this is an annual progress report to the Council on the implementation status of nationally agreed reforms.
  • Annual adjustment to heavy vehicle charges: in November 2019 the NTC presented the Council with options for heavy vehicle charges to apply from 1 July 2020, and undertook public consultation on the governments' preference, enabling ministers to make a final decision on heavy vehicle charges for 2020–21.
  • Forward-looking cost base: the NTC refined the forward-looking cost base prototype that uses the current asset values and future operating costs to establish a forward-looking revenue requirement (or cost base) for heavy vehicle charges.

More information on the outcomes of each of our projects can be found on the NTC website at www.ntc.gov.au.

Performance measure 2

Portion of projects presented to TISOC or the Council when due

Target

≥ 80%

Source

Results

85% – target exceeded

Analysis

Many of the NTC's projects present recommendations or updates to the Council more than once throughout the life cycle of the project. There were 13 projects due to be presented to TISOC/Council in 2019. Of these, 11 were presented when due. Papers for the remaining two projects, ‘developing technology-neutral road rules for driver distraction’ and ‘barriers to the use of more innovative vehicles’ were delayed due to a strict COVID-19 agenda priority to only raise items with unanimous support. These two items had a majority but not unanimous support.

The NTC maintains, monitors and reviews land transport reforms

Performance measure 3

Routine legislative maintenance packages submitted to TISOC

Target

≥ 5 / year

Source

Results

5 out of 5 – target achieved

Analysis

The NTC is responsible for the monitoring and maintenance of national laws, model laws and other instruments to ensure they remain contemporary and consistent with their policy intent. The five routine legislative maintenance packages submitted to TISOC were:

  • Australian Roads Rules
  • Rail Safety National Law
  • Transport of dangerous goods (the Code and model laws)
  • Australian Defence Force Road Transport Exemption Framework
  • Vehicle standards


Performance measure 4

Reform implementation report cards provided to Council when due

Target

> 90%

Source

Results

100% – target exceeded

Analysis

The National Transport Reform Implementation Monitoring Report 2019 was provided to the Council in November 2019. This document provides a progress report on the implementation status (by jurisdiction) of nationally agreed reforms.

The National Transport Reform Implementation Monitoring Report is an annual assessment provided to the Council in November of each year; 2019 was the seventh of these reports produced.


Performance measure 5

Review of national consistency of instruments we maintain

Target

≥ 5 / year

Source

Results

5 – target achieved

Analysis

The NTC reviewed the following instruments for national consistency:

  • Heavy Vehicle National Law
  • Rail Safety National Law
  • Australian Road Rules
  • Australian Light Vehicle Standards Rules (ALVSRs)
  • Transport of Dangerous Goods Model Regulations and the Code

The results of these reviews were published in the National Transport Reform Implementation Monitoring Report 2019.

Effectiveness

The NTC develops policy reform proposals of high value

Performance measure 6

Total Net Present Value (NPV) benefits of policy submitted to TISOC

Target

> 3-year rolling average (NPV)

Source

Results

A 3-year rolling average (NPV) has not been calculated as this data has not yet been collected for a 3-year period. Analysis of the expected benefits of the policy submitted in the 2019–20 financial year has been provided below.

Analysis

The NTC submitted two policy recommendations to TISOC (and subsequently the Council) in this reporting period. These recommendations and the expected benefits from each are:

  • The introduction of an in-service safety duty for automated vehicles enforced by a national regulator: this is expected to improve safety outcomes and bring forward the anticipated economic, social and environmental benefits of automated vehicles through reducing delay in uptake expected under existing state-based regulatory frameworks. PricewaterhouseCoopers estimated the monetised value of the net benefits indicatively at $2.9b over 20 years.
  • The National Rail Action Plan (NRAP): this recommended a set of actions for governments and the rail industry. These actions are to ensure Australia has the skills to build, operate and maintain the substantial pipeline of rail investments, to harmonise standards and ensure interoperability of investments in modern communication and control systems. The NRAP is expected to help deliver a safer rail system that more efficiently moves a greater volume of freight and passengers.


CASE STUDY: Delivering high-value reform for the rail sector

In November 2019, the Transport and Infrastructure Council endorsed the National Rail Action Plan, developed over the previous six months by the NTC. The Plan responds to three pressing national challenges in Australia’s rail sector – a shortage of skills and enough skilled workers; the challenges of multiple communications and signalling systems as well as different operating rules across the country; and the need for greater harmonisation of infrastructure and rolling stock to support local industry.

Over the next 15 years, Australia will see $155b of rail investment, predominately by governments. This includes major metropolitan projects in Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne and Perth, as well as significant investment in the Inland Rail project, connecting Brisbane and Melbourne with an upgraded freight route. This presents an opportunity to help drive productivity improvements and reduce freight costs into the future beyond the value of the individual investments. Greater harmonisation of infrastructure, rolling stock and operating rules; signalling and communications systems that can talk to each other; and a skilled workforce with skills that can be transferred across the industry will all pave the way to a stronger rail sector in the future.

To deliver the Plan, the NTC has worked closely with three joint government and industry committees, and delivery will continue into 2021.

The NTC develops practical reform recommendations

Performance measure 7

Portion of NTC recommendations presented to Council and agreed

Target

> 90%

Source

Results

100% – target exceeded

Analysis

All recommendations made to the Council in the 2019–20 financial year were agreed.
The NTC submitted 12 sets of project recommendations from 10 projects.


Performance measure 8

Total NPV benefits of regulatory reforms agreed by Council

Target

> 90% of that submitted to TISOC

Source

Results

100% – target exceeded

Analysis

All regulatory reforms submitted to TISOC were subsequently submitted to and agreed by Council. These reforms were to:

  • Australian Roads Rules
  • Rail Safety National Law
  • Transport of dangerous goods (the Code and model laws)
  • Australian Defence Force Road Transport Exemption Framework
  • Vehicle standards


Performance measure 9

Portion of NTC regulatory amendments presented to Council with a TISOC-agreed implementation plan

Target

100%

Source

Results

100% – Target achieved

Analysis

There were five regulatory amendments presented to Council. All of these included a TISOC-agreed implementation plan.


CASE STUDY: Collaborating on the review of the Heavy Vehicle National Law to deliver more practical reform outcomes

The NTC is undertaking a review of the Heavy Vehicle National Law to deliver practical, fit-for-purpose, performance-based, and outcomes-focused regulation. This review is expected to lead to significant reform, and the NTC’s reform recommendations will largely reflect the breadth, depth and diversity of its consultation. The review has been underway since November 2018, and has attracted substantial input and feedback from stakeholders across the heavy vehicle sector and beyond. The NTC has facilitated this process by making engaging and consulting on the review as easy as possible.

The NTC laid the foundations for the review by releasing a series of seven detailed 'issues papers', and then built on this to undertake large-scale collaboration across the sector. The NTC held several nationwide workshops that brought together governments and industry to further examine and develop a shared understanding of the issues with the existing law. By bringing those making decisions on the reform together with those who will be directly impacted, this collaborative approach has proven critical in allowing the NTC to develop practical reform recommendations.

Alongside this broad engagement, the NTC has maintained targeted consultation with representatives of government and industry and experts in the field: the NTC has worked closely with the government appointed Expert Panel and the Jurisdictional Strategic Oversight Panel, and undertaken regular engagement with key industry bodies such as the Australian Trucking Association to ensure that smaller operators and drivers can to get involved.

This focus on engagement and collaboration has been critical in informing the NTC throughout the review and as it moves into the final phase – finalising reform recommendations to present to ministers.

The NTC delivers on IGA

Performance measure 10

Section 51 review (in 2021) confirms the value of the NTC in meeting the objectives specified in the Inter-Governmental Agreement for Regulatory and Operational Reform in Road, Rail and Intermodal Transport (IGA)

Target

NTC recognised as highly valuable

Source

Results

Not applicable – the last NTC statutory review was in 2015. The next review will be undertaken in 2021.

Deliver on our purpose

Land transport productivity relative to the broader economy

Performance measure 11

Transport contribution to industry gross value added

Target

No target (given our influence is limited)

Source

Results

In 2015–16 (the most recent period for which data is available), transport contributed $125.3b in Gross Value Added (GVA), representing 8.1 per cent of industry GVA.

Land transport safety outcomes

Performance measure 12

Road fatalities

Target

No target (given our influence is limited)

Source

Results

There were 1,105 road deaths in Australia in the 12 months ending June 2020.
This was a reduction on the numbers in previous years.


Performance measure 13

Road injuries

Target

No target (given our influence is limited)

Source

Results

There were 2,917 on-road severe injuries (excludes deaths within 30 days) for the year ending 30 June 2019 (the most recent period for which data is available).


Performance measure 14

Rail fatalities

Target

No target (given our influence is limited)

Source

Results

There were 20 rail fatalities for the year ending 30 June 2019 (the most recent period for which data is available). This represents a slight increase on previous years’ numbers.


Performance measure 15

Rail injuries

Target

No target (given our influence is limited)

Source

Results

There were 129 railway-related serious injuries for the year ending 30 June 2019 (the most recent period for which data is available). This is an increase on previous years’ numbers.

Land transport environmental outcomes

Performance measure 16

Greenhouse gas emissions

Target

No target (given our influence is limited)

Source

Results

Preliminary estimates for 2019 (the most recent period for which data is available) indicate transport sector emissions at 100.3 million tonnes (Mt) of carbon dioxide equivalent. This is a slight reduction on the previous year’s numbers.