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Notes to the financial statements - 6.2 Financial Instruments

6.2 Financial Instruments

2019

2018

$’000

$’000

6.2A: Categories of financial instruments

Financial Assets under AASB 139

Loans and receivables

Cash and cash equivalents

2,406

Goods and services receivables (net)

5,074

Total loans and receivables

7,480

Financial Assets under AASB 9

Financial assets at amortised cost

Cash at bank

2,758

Trade receivables

3,628

Total financial assets at amortised cost

6,386

Total financial assets

6,386

7,480

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost

Trade creditors and accrual

8,508

11,205

Total financial liabilities measured at amortised cost

8,508

11,205

Total financial liabilities

8,508

11,205

Classification of financial assets on the date of initial application of AASB 9.

AASB 139 original classification

AASB 9 new classification

AASB 139 carrying amount at 1 July 2018

AASB 9 carrying amount at

1 July 2018

Financial assets class

Note

$'000

$'000

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Loans and receivables

Amortised Cost

2,406

2,406

Goods and services receivables (net)

3.1A

Loans and receivables

Amortised Cost

5,074

5,073

Total financial assets

7,480

7,479

Reconciliation of carrying amounts of financial assets on the date of initial application of AASB 9.

AASB 139 carrying amount at 30 June 2018

Reclassification

Remeasurement

AASB 9 carrying amount at 1 July 2018

$'000

$'000

$'000

$'000

Financial assets at amortised cost

Loans and receivables

Cash at bank

2,406

0

0

2,406

Goods and services receivables (net)

Trade receivables

5,074

0

(1)

5,073

Total amortised cost

7,480

0

(1)

7,479

Accounting Policy

Financial assets

With the implementation of AASB 9 Financial Instruments for the first time in 2019,GA classifies its financial assets in the following categories:

a)financial assets at fair value through profit or loss;

b)financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income; and

c)financial assets measured at amortised cost.

The classification depends on both GA's business model for managing the financial assets and contractual cash flow characteristics at the time of initial recognition. Financial assets are recognised when GA becomes a party to the contract and, as a consequence, has a legal right to receive or a legal obligation to pay cash and derecognised when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or are transferred upon trade date.

Comparatives have not been restated on initial application.

Financial Assets at Amortised Cost

Financial assets included in this category need to meet two criteria:

1. the financial asset is held in order to collect the contractual cash flows; and

2. the cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI) on the principal outstanding amount.

Amortised cost is determined using the effective interest method.

Effective Interest Method

Income is recognised on an effective interest rate basis for financial assets that are recognised at amortised cost.

Financial Assets at Fair Value Through Other Comprehensive Income (FVOCI)

Financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income are held with the objective of both collecting contractual cash flows and selling the financial assets and the cash flows meet the SPPI test.

Any gains or losses as a result of fair value measurement or the recognition of an impairment loss allowance is recognised in other comprehensive income.

Financial Assets at Fair Value Through Profit or Loss (FVTPL)

Financial assets are classified as financial assets at fair value through profit or loss where the financial assets either doesn't meet the criteria of financial assets held at amortised cost or at FVOCI (i.e. mandatorily held at FVTPL) or may be designated.

Financial assets at FVTPL are stated at fair value, with any resultant gain or loss recognised in profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognised in profit or loss incorporates any interest earned on the financial asset.

Impairment of Financial Assets

Financial assets are assessed for impairment at the end of each reporting period based on Expected Credit Losses, using the general approach which measures the loss allowance based on an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses where risk has significantly increased, or an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses if risk has not increased.

The simplified approach for trade, contract and lease receivables is used. This approach always measures the loss allowance as the amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses.

A write-off constitutes a derecognition event where the write-off directly reduces the gross carrying amount of the financial asset.

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are classified as either financial liabilities ‘at fair value through profit or loss’ or other financial liabilities. Financial liabilities are recognised and derecognised upon ‘trade date’.

Financial Liabilities at Fair Value Through Profit or Loss

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are initially measured at fair value. Subsequent fair value adjustments are recognised in profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognised in profit or loss incorporates any interest paid on the financial liability.

Financial Liabilities at Amortised Cost

Financial liabilities, including borrowings, are initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs. These liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, with interest expense recognised on an effective interest basis.

Supplier and other payables are recognised at amortised cost. Liabilities are recognised to the extent that the goods or services have been received (and irrespective of having been invoiced).

2019

2018

$’000

$’000

6.2B: Net gains or losses on financial assets

Financial assets at amortised cost

Exchange gains/(losses)

(3)

0

Impairment

(6)

0

Net gains/(losses) on financial assets at amortised cost

(9)

0

Net gains on financial assets

(9)

0