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Appendix 1: Financial Statements

Independent auditor's report

Statement by the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Finance Officer of the Federal Court of Australia

Statement of Comprehensive Income

for the period ended 30 June 2020

Notes

2020

$'000

2019

$'000

Original Budget

$'000

NET COST OF SERVICES

Expenses

Judicial benefits

1.1A

110,159

105,165

106,512

Employee benefits

1.1A

118,666

118,034

116,450

Suppliers

1.1B

92,470

117,297

123,511

Depreciation and amortisation

3.2A

29,955

13,882

14,871

Finance costs

1.1C

2,195

313

331

Impairment loss on financial instruments

1.1D

22

1

-

Write-down and impairment of other assets

1.1E

14

576

-

Total expenses

353,481

355,268

361,675

Own-Source income

Own-source revenue

Revenue from contracts with customers

1.2A

2,904

4,081

3,939

Other revenue

1.2B

43,607

42,939

42,765

Total own-source revenue

46,511

47,020

46,704

Other gains

Liabilities assumed by other agencies

35,450

33,394

27,778

Other gains

1

214

-

Total gains

1.2C

35,451

33,608

27,778

Total own-source income

81,962

80,628

74,482

Net (cost of)/contribution by services

(271,519)

(274,640)

(287,193)

Revenue from Government

1.2D

273,973

265,352

272,322

Surplus/(Deficit) on continuing operations

2,454

(9,288)

(14,871)

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

Items not subject to subsequent reclassification to net cost of services

Changes in asset revaluation surplus

4,107

57

-

Total other comprehensive income

4,107

57

-

Total comprehensive income / (loss)

6,561

(9,231)

(14,871)

The above statement should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Budget Variances Commentary

Statement of Comprehensive Income

Judicial benefits

Judicial benefits are higher than budgeted due to the granting of an increase to judicial salaries by the remuneration tribunal that was effective from 1 July 2019, and the revaluation of accrued leave liabilities following an independent valuation and movements in government bond rates.

Suppliers

Supplier expenses are lower than budgeted. The major reason for this variance is the impact of the new accounting standard AASB 16 Leases. This standard resulted in the costs of the Entity’s leases being classified as depreciation expenses rather than supplier expenses.

Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation expenses are higher than budgeted following the implementation of AASB16 Leases. The Entity added right of use lease assets to its balance sheet and a subsequent depreciation charge followed. This charge was not part of the budgeted figures.

Finance costs

Finance costs are higher than budgeted following the implementation of AASB16 Leases.

Revenue from contracts with customers

The Entity received lower revenue than was anticipated in relation to its International Programs work. This work was severely curtailed following the COVID-19 outbreak.

Liabilities assumed by other agencies

The gain received in relation to notional judicial superannuation costs was higher than budgeted due to an increase in the actuarial assessment of the value of these benefits.

Revenue from Government

This is higher than budgeted due to additional appropriation received from Government at additional estimates.

Statement of Financial Position

as at 30 June 2020

Notes

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Original Budget
$'000

ASSETS

Financial assets

Cash and cash equivalents

3.1A

1,239

1,237

1,353

Trade and other receivables

3.1B

116,393

90,552

67,396

Accrued revenue

-

8

14

Total financial assets

117,632

91,797

68,763

Non-financial assets1

Buildings

3.2A

182,130

33,318

47,503

Plant and equipment

3.2A

23,103

14,781

10,675

Computer software

3.2A

11,832

11,397

20,721

Inventories

3.2B

36

39

39

Prepayments

1,939

1,767

3,383

Total non-financial assets

219,040

61,302

82,321

Total assets

336,672

153,099

151,084

LIABILITIES

Payables

Suppliers

3.3A

4,681

7,911

7,925

Other payables

3.3B

3,733

2,437

2,268

Total payables

8,414

10,348

10,193

Interest bearing liabilities

Leases

3.4A

151,019

2,574

1,756

Total interest bearing liabilities

151,019

2,574

1,756

Provisions

Employee provisions

6.1A

66,903

62,390

59,915

Other provisions

3.5A

4,780

4,065

1,991

Total provisions

71,683

66,455

61,906

Total liabilities

231,116

79,377

73,855

Net assets

105,556

73,722

77,229

EQUITY

Contributed equity

119,508

95,527

119,630

Reserves

12,844

8,737

8,680

Accumulated deficit

(26,796)

(30,542)

(51,081)

Total equity

105,556

73,722

77,229

The above statement should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

1. Right-of-use assets are included in Buildings, Plant and Equipment.

Budget Variances Commentary

Statement of Financial Position

Trade and other receivables

Appropriation receivable is higher than budgeted. This reflects the surplus achieved in 2019-20. There was also an underspend of capital appropriation in 2019-20 due to delays in building and software development projects.

Non-Financial Assets

Non financial assets are higher than budgeted following the implementation of AASB16 Leases. This standard has required the addition of all leases to the Entity’s balance sheet during 2019-20. This has added $166m to the value of non-financial assets. In addition, an independent valuation of the Entity’s property and equipment assets resulted in a $4.1m increase in their value.

Other payables

Other payables are higher than budgeted due to the receipt of funding to the value of $1.1m that is to be expended in the 2020-21 year.

Leases

Lease liabilities are higher than budgeted following the implementation of AASB16 Leases. This standard has required the addition of all leases to the Entity’s balance sheet during 2019-20.

Employee provisions

Provisions for leave liability have increased following an independent actuarial review during 2019-20 and the movement in government bond rates.

Other provisions

New makegood provisions were entered into, that were not known at the time of the budget.

Statement of Changes in Equity

for the period ended 30 June 2020

Notes

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Original Budget
$'000

CONTRIBUTED EQUITY

Opening balance

Balance carried forward from previous period

95,527

83,232

95,872

Adjusted opening balance

95,527

83,232

95,872

Comprehensive income

Other comprehensive income

-

-

-

Total comprehensive income/(loss)

-

-

-

Transactions with owners

Contributions by owners

Departmental capital budget

23,981

12,295

23,758

Total transactions with owners

23,981

12,295

23,758

Closing balance as at 30 June

119,508

95,527

119,630

RETAINED EARNINGS/(ACCUMULATED DEFICIT)

Opening balance

Balance carried forward from previous period

(30,542)

(21,254)

(36,210)

Adjustment on initial application of AASB 16

1,292

-

-

Adjusted opening balance

(29,250)

(21,254)

(36,210)

Comprehensive income

Surplus/(Deficit) for the period

2,454

(9,288)

(14,871)

Other comprehensive income

-

-

-

Total comprehensive income/(loss)

2,454

(9,288)

(14,871)

Closing balance as at 30 June

(26,796)

(30,542)

(51,081)

ASSET REVALUATION RESERVE

Opening balance

Balance carried forward from previous period

8,737

8,680

8,680

Adjusted opening balance

8,737

8,680

8,680

Comprehensive income

Other comprehensive income

4,107

57

-

Total comprehensive income/(loss)

4,107

57

-

Closing balance as at 30 June

12,844

8,737

8,680

TOTAL EQUITY

Opening balance

Balance carried forward from previous period

73,722

70,658

68,342

Adjustment on initial application of AASB 16

1,292

-

-

Adjusted opening balance

75,014

70,658

68,342

Comprehensive income

Surplus/(Deficit) for the period

2,454

(9,288)

(14,871)

Other comprehensive income

4,107

57

-

Total comprehensive income/(loss)

6,561

(9,231)

(14,871)

Transactions with owners

Contributions by owners

Departmental capital budget

23,981

12,295

23,758

Total transactions with owners

23,981

12,295

23,758

Closing balance as at 30 June

105,556

73,722

77,229

The above statement should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Accounting Policy

Equity Injections

Amounts appropriated which are designated as 'equity injections' for a year (less any formal reductions) and Departmental Capital Budgets (DCBs) are recognised directly in contributed equity in that year.

Budget Variances Commentary

Statement of Changes in Equity

Accumulated deficit

The improved financial results of the Entity compared to budget in 2018-19 and 2019-20 have led to a better than forecast equity position.

Reserves

There has been an increase to the asset revaluation reserve following an independent valuation of the Entity’s assets undertaken during 2019-20.

Cash Flow Statement

for the period ended 30 June 2020

Notes

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Original Budget
$'000

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

Cash received

Appropriations

258,262

261,991

273,018

Sales of goods and rendering of services

3,806

4,067

3,939

GST received

8,448

7,469

-

Other

266

382

-

Total cash received

270,782

273,909

276,957

Cash used

Employees

188,727

187,134

195,184

Suppliers

59,655

82,334

80,997

Interest payments on lease liabilities

1,860

-

-

Borrowing costs

23

64

80

Section 74 receipts transferred to OPA

3,434

4,706

-

Total cash used

253,699

274,238

276,261

Net cash from/(used by) operating activities

17,083

(329)

696

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

Cash received

Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment

1

214

-

Total cash received

1

214

-

Cash used

Purchase of property, plant and equipment

11,581

4,413

22,916

Purchase of intangibles

3,496

3,653

-

Total cash used

15,077

8,066

22,916

Net cash from/(used by) investing activities

(15,076)

(7,852)

(22,916)

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

Cash received

Contributed equity

15,926

8,769

23,758

Total cash received

15,926

8,769

23,758

Cash used

Repayment of borrowings

849

704

992

Principal payments of lease liabilities

17,082

-

-

Total cash used

17,931

704

992

Net Cash from/(used by) financing activities

(2,005)

8,065

22,766

Net increase / (decrease) in cash held

2

(116)

546

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the reporting period

1,237

1,353

807

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the reporting period

3.1A

1,239

1,237

1,353

The above statement should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Budget Variances Commentary

Statement of Cash Flow Statement

Cash received from investing activities

Cash from the sale of assets was not budgeted for as it is unpredictable.

Cash used for investing activities and Contributed equity

Asset purchases were lower than expected due to a delay in the completion of building and software development projects.

Principal payments of lease liabilities

This change arises from the implementation during 2019-20 of AASB 16 Leases. The changes arising from this new standard were not accounted for during the budget process.

Administered Schedule of Comprehensive Income

for the period ended 30 June 2020

Notes

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Original Budget
$'000

NET COST OF SERVICES

Expenses

Suppliers

2.1A

726

807

880

Impairment loss on financial instruments

2.1B

3,802

3,289

3,200

Other expenses - refunds of fees

2.1C

346

918

900

Total expenses

4,874

5,014

4,980

Income

Revenue

Non-taxation revenue

Fees and fines

2.2A

118,842

89,034

83,419

Total non-taxation revenue

118,842

89,034

83,419

Total revenue

118,842

89,034

83,419

Total income

118,842

89,034

83,419

Net contribution by services

113,968

84,020

78,439

Total comprehensive income

113,968

84,020

78,439

The above schedule should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Budget Variances Commentary

Administered Schedule of Comprehensive Income

Fees and fines

Administered revenues relate to activities performed by the Entity on behalf of the Australian Government. The variance to budget is due to the uncertainty in estimating fee revenue and fines, with the Entity on occasion receipting fines on behalf of the Government.

Impairment loss on financial instruments

The variance to budget is due to the uncertainty in estimating fees that may become impaired during the period.

Other expenses

Other expenses relates to the refund of fees. The variance to budget is due to the uncertainty in estimating the amount of fees that may require refund during the period.

Administered Schedule of Assets and Liabilities

as at 30 June 2020

Notes

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Original Budget
$'000

ASSETS

Financial Assets

Cash and cash equivalents

4.1A

103

142

136

Trade and other receivables

4.1B

1,039

2,250

4,599

Total assets administered on behalf of Government

1,142

2,392

4,735

LIABILITIES

Payables

Suppliers

4.2A

31

89

-

Other payables

4.2B

543

610

513

Total liabilities administered on behalf of Government

574

699

513

Net assets/(liabilities)

568

1,693

4,222

The above schedule should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Budget Variances Commentary

Administered Schedule of Assets and Liabilities

Cash and cash equivalents

There is inherent uncertainty in estimating the cash balance on any particular day.

Trade and other receivables

Trade and other receivables varies from budget due to the implementation of the accounting standard for financial instruments that occurred during 2018-19. This led to an increase in the Entity’s doubtful debt provision, reducing the net amount of trade receivables. The financial impact of this change was not known at the time the 2019-20 budget was published.

Suppliers

The variance to budget is a timing difference due to invoices received after 30th June.

Administered Reconciliation Schedule

for the period ended 30 June 2020

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Opening assets less liabilities as at 1 July

1,693

4,222

Adjustment for change in accounting policies

-

(1,854)

Adjustments for rounding

-

(1)

Adjusted opening assets less liabilities

1,693

2,367

Net contribution by services

Income

118,842

89,034

Expenses

Payments to entities other than corporate Commonwealth entities

(4,874)

(5,014)

Transfers (to)/from the Australian Government

Appropriation transfers from Official Public Account

Annual appropriations

Payments to entities other than corporate Commonwealth entities

784

718

Special appropriations (unlimited) s77 PGPA Act repayments

Payments to entities other than corporate Commonwealth entities

353

923

GST increase to appropriations s74 PGPA Act

Payments to entities other than corporate Commonwealth entities

78

71

Appropriation transfers to OPA

Transfers to OPA

(116,308)

(86,406)

Closing assets less liabilities as at 30 June

568

1,693

The above schedule should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Accounting Policy

Administered cash transfers to and from the Official Public Account

Revenue collected by the entity for use by the Government rather than the entity is administered revenue. Collections are transferred to the Official Public Account (OPA) maintained by the Department of Finance. Conversely, cash is drawn from the OPA to make payments under Parliamentary appropriation on behalf of Government. These transfers to and from the OPA are adjustments to the administered cash held by the entity on behalf of the Government and reported as such in the schedule of administered cashflows and in the administered reconciliation schedule.

Administered Cash Flow Statement

for the period ended 30 June 2020

Notes

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

Cash received

Fees

77,862

81,509

Fines

38,329

4,833

GST received

78

70

Total cash received

116,269

86,412

Cash used

Suppliers

862

789

Refunds of fees

346

918

Other

7

5

Total cash used

1,215

1,712

Net cash from operating activities

115,054

84,700

Net increase in cash held

115,054

84,700

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the reporting period

142

136

Cash from Official Public Account for:

Appropriations

1,215

1,712

Total cash from official public account

1,215

1,712

Cash to Official Public Account for:

Transfer to OPA

(116,308)

(86,406)

Total cash to official public account

(116,308)

(86,406)

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the reporting period

4.1A

103

142

The above statement should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Overview

Objectives of the Federal Court of Australia

The Federal Court of Australia listed entity (the Entity) is a non-corporate Commonwealth listed entity for the purposes of the Public Governance and Accountability Act 2013 (PGPA Act). It is established under section 18ZB of the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 (Cth).

Appropriations made by the Federal Parliament for the purposes of the Federal Court of Australia, the Family Court of Australia and the Federal Circuit Court of Australia (all of which are courts established pursuant to Chapter III of the Commonwealth Constitution), as well as the National Native Title Tribunal, are made to the Entity, which is accountable for the financial management of those appropriations.

The objectives of the Entity include the provision of corporate services in support of the operations of the Federal Court, Family Court, Federal Circuit Court and the National Native Title Tribunal.

The Basis of Preparation

The financial statements are general purpose financial statements and are required by section 42 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013.

The Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with:

  1. Public Governance, Performance and Accountability (Financial Reporting) Rule 2015 (FRR); and
  2. Australian Accounting Standards and Interpretations – Reduced Disclosure Requirements issued by the Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB) that apply for the reporting period.

The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and in accordance with the historical cost convention, except for certain assets and liabilities at fair value. Except where stated, no allowance is made for the effect of changing prices on the results or the financial position. The financial statements are presented in Australian dollars and values are rounded to the nearest thousand dollars unless otherwise specified.

New Accounting Standards

AASB 15: Revenue from Contracts with Customers and AASB 1058 Income of not for profit entities.

AASB 15 and AASB 1058 became effective on 1 July 2019.

AASB 15 establishes a comprehensive framework for determining whether, how much and when revenue is recognised. It replaces existing revenue recognition guidance, including AASB 118 Revenue, AASB 111 Construction Contracts and Interpretation 13 Customer Loyalty Programmes. The core principle of AASB 15 is that an entity recognises revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.
AASB 1058 is relevant in circumstances where AASB 15 does not apply. AASB 1058 replaces most of the not-for-profit (NFP) provisions of AASB 1004 Contributions and applies to transactions where the consideration to acquire an asset is significantly less than fair value principally to enable the Entity to further its objectives, and where volunteer services are received.
The introduction of these standards has been analysed by the Entity and has not led to any material adjustments to accounting policies or financial adjustments.

AASB 16: Leases

The Entity adopted AASB 16 using the modified retrospective approach, under which the cumulative effect of initial application is recognised in retained earnings at 1 July 2019. Accordingly, the comparative information presented for 2019 is not restated, that is, it is presented as previously reported under AASB 117 and related interpretations.

AASB 16 provides for certain optional practical expedients, including those related to the initial adoption of the standard. The Entity applied the exemption not to recognise right of use assets and liabilities for leases less than 12 months of lease term remaining as of the date of initial application unless it was considered 'reasonably certain' as it has been continuously leased for several years in the past.

As a lessee, the Entity previously classified leases as operating or finance leases based on its assessment of whether the lease transferred substantially all of the risk and rewards of ownership. Under AASB 16, the Entity recognises right-of-use assets and liabilities for most leases. However, the Entity has elected not to recognise right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for some leases of low value assets based on the value of the underlying asset when new or for short-term leases with a lease term of 12 months or less unless it was considered 'reasonably certain' that the lease would continue - it has been continuously leased for several years in the past.

On adoption of AASB 16, the Entity recognised right-of-use assets and lease liabilities in relation to leases of office space and vehicles which had previously been classified as operating leases.

The lease liabilities were measured at the present value of the remaining lease payments, discounted using the Entity’s incremental borrowing rate as at 1 July 2019. The Entity’s incremental borrowing rate is the rate at which a similar borrowing could be obtained from an independent creditor under comparable terms and conditions. The weighted average rate applied was 1.09%

Impact on Transition of AASB 16

1 July 2019
$'000

Departmental

Right-of-use assets - property, plant and equipment

165,939

Lease liabilities

165,939

Retained earnings

1,292

Payables - Suppliers

(1,292)

The following table reconciles the Departmental minimum lease commitments disclosed in the entity's 30 June 2019 annual financial statements to the amount of lease liabilities recognised on 1 July 2019:

1 July 2019

Minimum operating lease commitment at 30 June 2019

47,371

Less: short-term leases not recognised under AASB 16

(1,429)

Less: low value leases not recognised under AASB 16

(62)

Plus: effect of extension options reasonably certain to be exercised1

128,364

Undiscounted lease payments

174,244

Less: effect of discounting using the incremental borrowing rate as at the date of initial application

(8,305)

Lease liabilities recognised at 1 July 2019

165,939

1 In the Commonwealth Law Courts Buildings, the Department of Finance as the landlord has provided greater certainty about the lease terms to enable reporting under AASB 16.

Taxation

The Federal Court of Australia is exempt from all forms of taxation except Fringe Benefits Tax (FBT) and the Goods and Services Tax (GST).

Reporting of Administered activities

Administered revenues, expenses, assets, liabilities and cash flows are disclosed in the administered schedules and related notes.

Except where otherwise stated, administered items are accounted for on the same basis and using the same policies as for departmental items, including the application of Australian Accounting Standards.

Events after the Reporting Period

Departmental

There were no subsequent events that had the potential to significantly affect the ongoing structure and financial activities of the Entity.

Administered

There were no subsequent events that had the potential to significantly affect the ongoing structure and financial activities of the Entity.

1. Financial Performance

This section analyses the financial performance of the Federal Court of Australia for the year ended 30 June 2020.

1.1 Expenses

Note 1.1A: Judicial and Employee Benefits

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Judges remuneration

70,585

67,776

Judicial superannuation defined contribution

4,124

3,996

Judges notional superannuation

35,450

33,393

Total judicial benefits

110,159

105,165

Wages and salaries

88,004

83,942

Superannuation

Defined contribution plans

10,375

9,420

Defined benefit plans

5,580

5,733

Leave and other entitlements

14,113

16,056

Separation and redundancies

594

2,883

Total employee benefits

118,666

118,034

Total judicial and employee benefits

228,825

223,199

Accounting Policy

Accounting policies for employee related expenses are contained in the People and Relationships section.

Note 1.1B: Suppliers

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Goods and services supplied or rendered

IT services

6,883

7,456

Consultants

795

437

Contractors

1,031

2,378

Property operating costs

9,635

9,901

Courts operation and administration

12,980

13,723

Travel

5,625

8,410

Library purchases

4,357

4,312

Other

6,463

7,097

Total goods and services supplied or rendered

47,770

53,714

Goods supplied

2,941

3,692

Services rendered

44,829

50,022

Total goods and services supplied or rendered

47,770

53,714

Other suppliers

Operating lease rentals 1

-

62,090

Short-term leases

632

-

Property resources received free of charge

43,210

Workers compensation expenses

858

1,493

Total other suppliers

44,700

63,583

Total suppliers

92,470

117,297

1. The Entity has applied AASB 16 using the modified retrospective approach and therefore the comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under AASB 117.

The Entity has short-term lease commitments of $779,145 as at 30 June 2020.

The above lease disclosures should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes 1.1C, 3.2A and 3.4A.

Accounting Policy

Short-term leases and leases of low-value assets

The Entity has elected not to recognise right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for short-term leases of assets that have a lease term of 12 months or less and leases of low-value assets (less than $10,000).

Note 1.1C: Finance costs

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Finance leases1

-

65

Interest on lease liabilities - buildings

1,828

-

Interest on lease liabilities – plant and equipment

55

-

Unwinding of discount - make good

312

248

Total finance costs

2,195

313

1. The Entity has applied AASB 16 using the modified retrospective approach and therefore the comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under AASB 117.

The above lease disclosures should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes 1.1B, 3.2A and 3.4A.

Accounting Policy

All borrowing costs are expensed as incurred.

Note 1.1D: Impairment loss on financial instruments

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Impairment on financial instruments – doubtful debts

22

1

Total impairment loss on financial instruments

22

1

Note 1.1E: Write-down and impairment of other assets

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Impairment of inventories

10

9

Impairment of plant and equipment

4

72

Impairment on buildings

-

495

Total write-down and impairment of other assets

14

576

1.2 Own-Source Revenue and Gains

Own-Source Revenue

Note 1.2A: Revenue from contracts with customers

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Sale of goods

1

1

Rendering of services

2,903

4,080

Total revenue from contracts with customers

2,904

4,081

Disaggregation of revenue from contracts with customers

Court administration services

772

887

NZ Aid funded program revenue

1,337

2,398

Government related services

794

795

Other

1

1

Total

2,904

4,081

Note 1.2B: Other Revenue

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Resources received free of charge

Rent in Commonwealth Law Courts buildings

43,210

42,432

Audit services provided by ANAO

130

125

Other

267

382

Total other revenue

43,607

42,939

Accounting Policy

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised when control has been transferred to the buyer. Revenue is recognised by the Entity under AASB 15 when the following occurs:

  • a contract is identified and each party is committed to perform its obligations;
  • the rights and payment terms can be identified; and
  • it is probable that the Entity will collect the consideration under the contract when goods or services have been provided.

The Entity identifies its performance obligations in each contract and determines when they have been satisfied. Revenue is recognised at the time performance obligations have been met.

The following is a description of the principal activities from which the Entity generates its revenue:

Court administration services. Revenue is recognised when the goods or services are provided to the customer.

Government related services. Revenue is recognised at the time the service is provided.

Services provided to the New Zealand Government. The Entity has defined performance obligations under the contract with New Zealand, with clearly identified milestones identified in the contract. Revenue is recognised when those performance obligations have been reached.

The transaction price is the total amount of consideration to which the Entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring promised goods or services to a customer. The consideration promised in a contract with a customer may include fixed amounts, variable amounts or both. The Entity has not been required to apply the practical expedient on AASB 15.121. There is no consideration from contracts with customers that is not included in the transaction price.

Receivables for goods and services, which have 30 day terms, are recognised at the nominal amounts due less any impairment allowance account. Collectability of debts is reviewed at the end of the reporting period. Allowances are made when the collection of the debt is no longer probable.

Resources Received Free of Charge

Resources received free of charge are recognised as gains when, and only when, a fair value can be reliably determined and the services would have been purchased if they had not been donated. Use of those resources is recognised as an expense.

Resources received free of charge have been reclassified from Other Gains to Other Revenue in 2019-20 to more accurately reflect the substance of the transaction. Comparative information has also been updated for consistency.

Note 1.2C: Other Gains

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Liabilities assumed by other agencies

35,450

33,394

Gain on sale of assets

1

214

Total other gains

35,451

76,165

Accounting Policy

Liabilities assumed by other agencies

Liabilities assumed by other agencies refers to the notional cost of judicial pensions as calculated by actuaries on behalf of the Department of Finance.

Note 1.2D: Revenue from Government

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Appropriations

Departmental appropriation

273,973

264,806

Revenue from Government (supplementation)

-

546

Total revenue from Government

273,973

265,352

Accounting Policy

Revenue from Government

Amounts appropriated for departmental appropriations for the year (adjusted for any formal additions and reductions) are recognised as Revenue from Government when the entity gains control of the appropriation except for certain amounts that related to activities that are reciprocal in nature, in which case revenue is recognised only when it has been earned. Appropriations receivable are recognised at their nominal amounts.

2. Income and Expenses Administered on Behalf of Government

2.1 Administered – Expenses

Note 2.1A: Suppliers

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Services rendered

Supply of primary dispute resolution services

726

807

Total suppliers

726

807

Note 2.1B: Impairment loss on financial instruments

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Impairment of financial instruments – doubtful debts

3,802

3,289

Total impairment loss on financial instruments

3,802

3,289

Note 2.1C: Other expenses

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Refunds of fees

346

918

Total other expenses

346

918

2.2 Administered – Income

Revenue

Non-Taxation Revenue

Note 2.2A: Fees and Fines

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Hearing Fees

5,664

5,941

Filing and Setting Down Fees

74,849

78,260

Fines

38,329

4,833

Total fees and fines

118,842

89,034

Accounting Policy

All administered revenues are revenues relating to the course of ordinary activities performed by the Federal Court of Australia, the Federal Circuit Court and the Family Court of Australia on behalf of the Australian Government. As such administered revenues are not revenues of the Entity. Fees are charged for access to the Entity’s services. Administered fee revenue is recognised when the service occurs. The services are performed at the same time as or within two days of the fees becoming due and payable. Revenue from hearing fees is recognised under AASB15 Revenue from Contracts with customers. Filing and setting down fee revenue is recognised under AASB1058 Income of not for profit entities.

Revenue from fines is recognised when a fine is paid to the Entity on behalf of the Government. Fees and Fines are recognised at their nominal amount due less any impairment allowance. Collectability of debts is reviewed at the end of the reporting period. Impairment allowances are made based on historical rates of default.

3. Financial Position

This section analyses the Federal Court of Australia assets used to conduct its operations and the operating liabilities incurred as a result. Employee related information is disclosed in the People and Relationships section.

3.1 Financial Assets

Note 3.1A: Cash and cash equivalents

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Cash at bank

1,222

1,224

Cash on hand

17

13

Total cash and cash equivalents

1,239

1,237

Note 3.1B: Trade and other receivables

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Goods and services receivables

Goods and services

105

627

Total goods and services receivables

105

627

Appropriations receivable

Appropriation receivable - operating

92,421

72,730

Appropriation receivable - departmental capital budget

22,923

14,867

Total appropriations receivable

115,344

87,597

Other receivables

Statutory receivables (GST)

966

1,782

Revenue from Government

-

546

Total other receivables

966

2,328

Total trade and other receivables (gross)

116,415

90,552

Less impairment loss allowance

(22)

-

Total trade and other receivables (net)

116,393

90,552

Credit terms for goods and services were within 30 days (2019: 30 days).

Reconciliation of the impairment allowance account:

Goods and services
$'000

Other receivables
$'000

Total
$'000

Movements in relation to 2020

As at 1 July 2019

-

-

-

Amounts written off

-

-

-

Amounts recovered and reversed

-

-

-

Increase/decrease recognised in net surplus

22

-

22

Total as at 30 June 2020

22

-

22

Movements in relation to 2019

Goods and services
$'000

Other receivables
$'000

Total
$'000

As at 1 July 2018

7

-

7

Amounts written off

(7)

-

(7)

Increase/decrease recognised in net surplus

-

-

-

Total as at 30 June 2019

-

-

-

Accounting Policy

Financial assets

Trade receivables, loans and other receivables that are held for the purpose of collecting the contractual cash flows where the cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest, that are not provided at below-market interest rates, are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method adjusted for any loss allowance.

Impairment loss allowance

Financial assets are assessed for impairment at the end of each reporting period.

3.2 Non-Financial Assets

Note 3.2A: Reconciliation of the Opening and Closing Balances of Property, Plant and Equipment and Intangibles

Buildings - Leasehold Improvements

$'000

Plant and equipment

$'000

Computer software 1

$'000

Total

$'000

As at 1 July 2019

Gross book value

46,419

25,488

30,533

102,440

Accumulated depreciation, amortisation and impairment

(13,101)

(10,707)

(19,136)

(42,944)

Total as at 1 July 2019

33,318

14,781

11,397

59,496

Recognition of right of use asset on initial application of AASB 16

162,698

3,241

-

165,939

Adjusted total as at 1 July 2019

196,016

18,022

11,397

225,435

Additions

Purchase

4,725

6,856

3,496

15,077

Finance lease

-

141

-

141

Right-of-use assets

1,079

1,323

-

2,402

Revaluations and impairments recognised in other comprehensive income

1,836

2,188

-

4,024

Depreciation and amortisation

(4,185)

(3,606)

(3,061)

(10,852)

Depreciation on right-of-use assets

(17,341)

(1,762)

-

(19,103)

Disposals on right-of-use assets

-

(55)

-

(55)

Disposals - other

-

(4)

-

(4)

Total as at 30 June 2020

182,130

23,103

11,832

217,065

Total as at 30 June 2020 represented by

Gross book value

202,699

25,430

34,029

262,158

Accumulated depreciation and impairment

(20,569)

(2,327)

(22,197)

(45,093)

Total as at 30 June 2020

182,130

23,103

11,832

217,065

Carrying amount of right-of-use assets

146,436

2,747

-

149,183

1. The carrying amount of computer software includes $3.88 million of purchased software and $7.95 million of internally generated software.

No indicators of impairment were found for property, plant and equipment and intangibles.

No property, plant and equipment and intangibles are expected to be sold or disposed of within the next 12 months.

Revaluations of non-financial assets

All revaluations were conducted in accordance with the revaluation policy. On 30 June 2020, an independent valuer conducted the revaluations and management conducted a review of the underlying drivers of the independent valuation.

Contractual commitments for the acquisition of property, plant, equipment and intangible assets

Capital commitments for property, plant and equipment are $1.2 million (2019: $0.13 million). Plant and equipment commitments were primarily contracts for purchases of furniture and IT equipment.

Accounting Policy

Property, plant and equipment

Assets are recorded at cost on acquisition except as stated below. The cost of acquisition includes the fair value of assets transferred in and liabilities undertaken.

Assets acquired at no cost, or for nominal consideration, are initially recognised as assets and income at their fair value at the date of acquisition, unless acquired as a consequence of restructuring of administrative arrangements. In the latter case, assets are initially recognised as contributions by owners at the amounts at which they were recognised in the transferor's accounts immediately prior to the restructuring.

Asset Recognition Threshold

Purchases of property, plant and equipment are recognised initially at cost in the statement of financial position, except for purchases of:

  • assets other than information technology equipment costing less than $2,000; and
  • information technology equipment costing less than $1,500.

which are expensed in the year of acquisition.

The initial cost of an asset includes an estimate of the cost of dismantling and removing the item and restoring the site on which it is located. This is particularly relevant to ‘make good’ provisions in property leases taken up by the Entity where there exists an obligation to restore the property to its original condition. These costs are included in the value of the Entity’s leasehold improvements with a corresponding provision for the ‘make good’ recognised.

Lease Right of Use (ROU) Assets

Leased ROU assets are capitalised at the commencement date of the lease and comprise of the initial lease liability amount, initial direct costs incurred when entering into the lease less any lease incentives received. These assets are accounted for by Commonwealth lessees as separate asset classes to corresponding assets owned outright, but included in the same column as where the corresponding underlying assets would be presented if they were owned.

On initial adoption of AASB 16 the Entity has adjusted the ROU assets at the date of initial application by the amount of any provision for onerous leases recognised immediately before the date of initial application. Following initial application, an impairment review is undertaken for any right of use lease asset that shows indicators of impairment and an impairment loss is recognised against any right of use lease asset that is impaired. Lease ROU assets continue to be measured at cost after initial recognition in Commonwealth agency, General Government Services and Whole of Government financial statements.

Revaluations

Following initial recognition at cost, property plant and equipment are carried at fair value less subsequent accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Valuations are conducted with sufficient frequency to ensure that the carrying amounts of assets do not differ materially from the assets’ fair values as at the reporting date. The regularity of independent valuations depends upon the volatility of movements in market values for the relevant assets.

Revaluation adjustments are made on a class basis. Any revaluation increment is credited to equity under the heading of asset revaluation reserve except to the extent that it reverses a previous revaluation decrement of the same asset class previously recognised in the surplus/deficit. Revaluation decrements for a class of assets are recognised directly through the Income Statement except to the extent that they reverse a previous revaluation increment for that class.

Any accumulated depreciation as at the revaluation date is eliminated against the gross carrying amount of the asset and the asset restated to the revalued amount.

The Entity’s assets were independently valued during 2019-20. The valuer has stated in their report that the impact of COVID-19 has introduced significant valuation uncertainty due to rapidly changing economic conditions and a noted reduction in transactional evidence on which to base valuation advice.

Depreciation

Depreciable property, plant and equipment assets are written-off to their estimated residual values over their estimated useful lives to the Entity using, in all cases, the straight-line method of depreciation.

Depreciation rates (useful lives), residual values and methods are reviewed at each reporting date and necessary adjustments are recognised in the current, or current and future reporting periods, as appropriate.

Depreciation and amortisation rates for each class of depreciable asset are based on the following useful lives:

2020

2019

Leasehold improvements

10 to 20 years or lease term

10 to 20 years or lease term

Plant and equipment – excluding library materials

3 to 100 years

3 to 100 years

Plant and equipment – library materials

5 to 10 years

5 to 10 years

The depreciation rates for ROU assets are based on the commencement date to the earlier of the end of the useful life of the ROU asset or the end of the lease term.

Impairment

All assets were assessed for impairment at 30 June 2020. Where indications of impairment exist, the asset’s recoverable amount is estimated and an impairment adjustment made if the asset’s recoverable amount is less than its carrying amount.

The recoverable amount of an asset is the higher of its fair value less costs to sell and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of the future cash flows expected to be derived from the asset. Where the future economic benefit of an asset is not primarily dependent on the asset’s ability to generate future cash flows, and the asset would be replaced if the Entity were deprived of the asset, its value in use is taken to be its depreciated replacement cost.

Derecognition

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognised upon disposal or when no further future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal.

Intangibles

The Entity’s intangibles comprise externally and internally developed software for internal use. These assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses. Software is amortised on a straight-line basis over its anticipated useful life of 5 years (2019: 5 years).

Note 3.2B: Inventories

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Inventories held for distribution

36

39

Total inventories

36

39

During 2019-20, $9,989 of inventory held for distribution was recognised as an expense (2019: $9,141).

Accounting Policy

Inventories held for sale are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

Inventories held for distribution are valued at cost, adjusted for any loss of service potential.

Costs incurred in bringing each item of inventory to its present location and condition are assigned as follows:

  1. raw materials and stores - purchase cost on a first-in-first-out basis; and
  2. finished goods and work in progress - cost of direct materials and labour plus attributable costs that can be allocated on a reasonable basis.

Inventories acquired at no cost or nominal consideration are initially measured at current replacement cost at the date of acquisition.

3.3 Payables

Note 3.3A: Suppliers

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Trade creditors and accruals

4,681

6,618

Operating lease rentals1

-

1,293

Total suppliers

4,681

7,911

Settlement was usually made within 30 days.

1. The Entity has applied AASB 16 using the modified retrospective approach and therefore the comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under AASB 117.

Note 3.3B: Other payables

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Salaries and wages

1,440

681

Superannuation

238

115

Separations and redundancies

68

651

Unearned income

1,262

83

Other

725

907

Total other payables

3,733

2,437

3.4 Interest Bearing Liabilities

Note 3.4A: Leases

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Finance leases1

-

2,574

Lease Liabilities

Buildings

147,960

-

Plant and equipment

3,059

-

Total leases

151,019

2,574

1. The Entity has applied AASB 16 using the modified retrospective approach and therefore the comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under AASB 117.

3.5 Other Provisions

Note 3.5A: Other provisions

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Provision for restoration obligations

4,780

4,065

Total other provisions

4,780

4,065

Provision for restoration
$'000

Total
$’000

As at 1 July 2019

4,065

4,065

New provision

486

486

Amounts adjusted

(83)

(83)

Unwindings of discount or change in discount rate

312

312

Total as at 30 June 2020

4,780

4,780

The Entity currently has 16 agreements for the leasing of premises which have provisions requiring the Entity to restore the premises to their original condition at the conclusion of the lease. The Entity has made a provision to reflect the present value of this obligation.

4. Assets and Liabilities Administered on Behalf of Government

This section analyses assets used to generate financial performance and the operating liabilities incurred as a result. The Federal Court of Australia does not control but administers these assets on behalf of the Government. Unless otherwise noted, the accounting policies adopted are consistent with those applied for departmental reporting.

4.1 Administered – Financial Assets

Note 4.1A: Cash and cash equivalents

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Cash on hand or on deposit

103

142

Total cash and cash equivalents

103

142

Credit terms for goods and services receivable were in accordance with the Federal Courts Legislation Amendment (Fees) Regulation 2015 and the Family Law (Fees) Regulation 2012.

Note 4.1B: Trade and other receivables

2020

$'000

2019

$'000

Goods and services receivables

6,190

7,434

Total goods and services receivables

6,190

7,434

Other receivables

Statutory receivable (GST)

10

7

Total other receivables

10

7

Total trade and other receivables (gross)

6,200

7,441

Less impairment loss allowance account:

Goods and services

(5,161)

(5,191)

Total impairment loss allowance

(5,161)

(5,191)

Total trade and other receivables (net)

1,039

2,250

Accounting Policy

Trade and other receivables

Collectability of debts is reviewed at the end of the reporting period. The impairment loss allowance is calculated based on the Entity’s historical rate of debt collection. Credit terms for services were within 30 days (2019: 30 days).

4.2 Administered – Payables

Note 4.2A: Suppliers

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Trade creditors and accruals

31

89

Total supplier payables

31

89

The contract liabilities are associated with family dispute resolution services.

Note 4.2B: Other payables

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Unearned income

543

610

Total other payables

543

610

5. Funding

This section identifies the Federal Court of Australia funding structure.

5.1 Appropriations

Note 5.1A: Annual Appropriations ('Recoverable GST exclusive')

Annual Appropriations for 2020

Annual Appropriation1

$'000

Adjustments to Appropriation2

$'000

Total appropriation

$'000

Appropriation applied in 2020 (current and prior years)

$'000

Variance3

$'000

Departmental

Ordinary annual services

274,519

3,434

277,953

259,623

18,330

Capital Budget

23,981

-

23,981

15,926

8,055

Total departmental

298,500

3,434

301,934

275,549

26,385

Administered

Ordinary annual services

Administered items

881

-

881

784

97

Total administered

881

-

881

784

97

1. Departmental Capital Budgets are appropriated through Appropriation Acts (No. 1, 3). They form part of ordinary annual services, and are not separately identified in the Appropriation Acts.

2. Adjustments to appropriation have included receipts collected under Section 74 of the PGPA Act.

3. The variance in the expenditure for ordinary annual services is due to timing differences of payments.

Annual Appropriations for 2019

Annual Appropriation1
$'000

Adjustments to Appropriation
$'000

Total appropriation
$'000

Appropriation applied in 2019 (current and prior years)
$'000

Variance2
$'000

Departmental

Ordinary annual services

264,806

4,706

269,512

262,108

7,404

Capital Budget

12,295

-

12,295

8,769

3,526

Total departmental

277,101

4,706

281,807

270,877

10,930

Administered

Ordinary annual services

Administered items

880

-

880

718

162

Total administered

880

-

880

718

162

1. Departmental Capital Budgets are appropriated through Appropriation Acts (No. 1, 3). They form part of ordinary annual services, and are not separately identified in the Appropriation Acts.

2. The Court has received appropriation related to new Government measures. These measures have not yet been fully implemented. The Court has therefore not spent appropriation related to these measures, causing an underspend of annual appropriation.

3. Receipts collected under Section 74 of the PGPA Act.

Note 5.1B: Unspent Annual Appropriations ('Recoverable GST exclusive')

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Departmental

Appropriation Act (No. 1) 2017-18 - Capital budget

262

2,654

Appropriation Act (No. 1) 2017-18

461

Appropriation Act (No. 1) 2018-19

4,372

65,151

Appropriation Act (No. 1) 2018-19 - Capital budget

9,500

12,214

Appropriation Act (No. 3) 2018-19

3,055

7,579

Appropriation Act (No. 1) 2019-20

51,405

-

Appropriation Act (No. 1) 2019-20 - Capital Budget

11,555

-

Appropriation Act (No. 3) 2019-20

2,670

-

Supply Act (No. 1) 2019-20

30,459

-

Supply Act (No. 1) 2019-20 - Capital Budget

1,605

-

Cash at bank

1,239

1,237

Total departmental

116,583

88,834

Administered

Appropriation Act (No 1) 2018-2019

97

162

Total administered

97

162

Note 5.1C: Special Appropriations ('Recoverable GST exclusive')

Appropriation applied

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Authority

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013, Section 77, Administered

353

923

Total

353

923

5.2 Special Accounts

Note 5.2A: Special Accounts ('Recoverable GST exclusive')

Departmental

Administered

Services for other entities and Trust Moneys Special Account1

Federal Court Of Australia Litigants Fund Special Account2

Family Court and Federal Circuit Court Litigants Fund Special Account3

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Balance brought forward from previous period

244

22

38,725

22,225

744

1,074

Increases

127

374

19,102

29,592

3,161

837

Total increases

127

374

19,102

29,592

3,161

837

Available for payments

371

396

57,827

51,817

3,905

1,911

Decreases

Departmental

363

152

-

-

-

-

Total departmental

363

152

-

-

-

-

Decreases

Administered

-

-

25,412

13,092

959

1,167

Total administered

-

-

25,412

13,092

959

1,167

Total decreases

363

152

25,412

13,092

959

1,167

Total balance carried to the next period

8

244

32,415

38,725

2,946

744

Balance represented by:

Cash held in entity bank accounts

8

244

32,415

38,725

2,946

744

Cash held in the Official Public Account

-

-

-

-

-

-

Total balance carried to the next period

8

244

32,415

38,725

2,946

744

1. Appropriation: Public Governance Performance and Accountability Act section 78. Establishing Instrument: FMA Determination 2012/11. Purpose: To disburse amounts held in trust or otherwise for the benefit of a person other than the Commonwealth.

2. Appropriation: Public Governance Performance and Accountability Act section 78. Establishing Instrument: PGPA Act Determination (Establishment of FCA Litigants’ Fund Special Account 2017). Purpose: The purpose of the Federal Court of Australia Litigants’ Fund Special Account in relation to which amounts may be debited from the Special Account are:

a) In accordance with:

(i) An order of the Federal Court of Australia or a Judge of that Court under Rule 2.43 of the Federal Court Rules; or

(ii) A direction of a Registrar under that Order; and

b) In any other case in accordance with the order of the Federal Court of Australia or a Judge of that Court.

3. Appropriation: Public Governance Performance and Accountability Act section 78. Establishing Instrument: Determination 2013/06.

The Finance Minister has issued a determination under Subsection 20(1) of the FMA ACT 1997 (repealed) establishing the Federal Court of Australia Litigants’ Fund Special Account when the Federal Circuit Court of Australia and Family Court of Australia merged on 1 July 2014.

Purpose: Litigants Fund Special Account

(a) for amounts received in respect of proceedings of the Family Court of Australia or the Federal Circuit Court of Australia (formerly the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia);

(b) for amounts received in respect of proceedings that have been transferred from another court to the Family Court of Australia or to the Federal Circuit Court of Australia (formerly the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia);

(c) for amounts received from the Family Court of Australia Litigants’ Fund Special Account or the Federal Magistrates Court Litigants’ Fund Special Account;

(d) to make payments in accordance with an order (however described) made by a court under the Family Law Act 1975, the Family Court of Australia, or a Judge of that Court;

(e) to make payments in accordance with an order (however described) made by a court under the Federal Circuit Court of Australia Act 1999 (formerly the Federal Magistrates Act 1999), the Federal Circuit Court of Australia (formerly the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia), or a Judge (formerly Federal Magistrate) of that Court;

(f) to repay amounts received by the Commonwealth and credited to this Special Account where an Act of Parliament or other law requires or permits the amount to be repaid; and

g) to reduce the balance of this Special Account without making a real or notional payment.

5.3 Net Cash Appropriation Arrangements

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Total comprehensive income less depreciation/amortisation expenses previously funded through revenue appropriations

19,434

4,651

Plus: depreciation/amortisation expenses previously funded through revenue appropriation

(10,852)

( 13,882)

Plus: depreciation of right-of-use assets

(19,103)

-

Less: principal repayments - leased assets

17,082

-

Total comprehensive income/(loss) - as per the Statement of Comprehensive Income

6,561

(9,231)

6. People and Relationships

This section describes a range of employment and post-employment benefits provided to our people and our relationships with other key people.

6.1 Employee Provisions

Note 6.1A: Employee Provisions

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Leave

31,280

29,541

Judges leave

35,623

32,849

Total employee provisions

66,903

62,390

Accounting Policy

Liabilities for ‘short-term employee benefits’ (as defined in AASB 119 Employee Benefits) and termination benefits expected within twelve months of the end of the reporting period are measured at their nominal amounts.

Other long-term judge and employee benefits are measured as net total of the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the end of the reporting period minus the fair value at the end of the reporting period of plan assets (if any) out of which the obligations are to be settled directly.

Leave

The liability for employee benefits includes provision for annual leave and long service leave.

The leave liabilities are calculated on the basis of employees' remuneration at the estimated salary rates that will be applied at the time the leave is taken, including the Entity’s employer superannuation contribution rates to the extent that the leave is likely to be taken during service rather than paid out on termination.

The liability for annual leave and long service leave has been determined by reference to the work of an actuary as at 30 June 2020. The estimate of the present value of the liability takes into account attrition rates and pay increases through promotion and inflation.

Separation and redundancy

Provision is made for separation and redundancy benefit payments. The Entity recognises a provision for termination when it has developed a detailed formal plan for the terminations and has informed those employees affected that it will carry out the terminations.

Superannuation

The Entity’s staff are members of the Commonwealth Superannuation Scheme (CSS), the Public Sector Superannuation Scheme (PSS) or the PSS accumulation plan (PSSap), or other superannuation funds held outside the Australian government.

The CSS and PSS are defined benefit schemes for the Australian Government. The PSSap is a defined contribution scheme.

The liability for defined benefits is recognised in the financial statements of the Australian Government and is settled by the Australian Government in due course. This liability is reported in the Department of Finance's administered schedules and notes.

The Entity makes employer contributions to the employees' superannuation scheme at rates determined by an actuary to be sufficient to meet the current cost to the Government. The Entity accounts for the contributions as if they were contributions to defined contribution plans.

The liability for superannuation recognised as at 30 June represents outstanding contributions.

Judges’ pension

Under the Judges’ Pension Act 1968, Federal Court and Family Court Judges are entitled to a non-contributory pension upon retirement after at least 10 years service (Federal Court and Family Court Judges). As the liability for these pension payments is assumed by the Australian Government, the entity has not recognised a liability for unfunded superannuation liability. The Federal Court of Australia does, however, recognise a revenue and corresponding expense item, "Liabilities assumed by other agencies”, in respect of the notional amount of the employer contributions to Judges’ pensions for the reporting period amounting to $35.45 million (2019: $33.394 million). The contribution rate has been provided by the Department of Finance following an actuarial review.

6.2 Key Management Personnel Remuneration

Key management personnel are those persons having authority and responsibility for planning, directing and controlling the activities of the entity, directly or indirectly, including any director (whether executive or otherwise) of that entity. The entity has determined the key management personnel to be the Chief Justices and the Chief Executive Officers of the Federal Court of Australia, the Family Court of Australia and the Federal Circuit Court of Australia, the President and Registrar of the National Native Title Tribunal, the Executive Director of Corporate Services.

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Short-term employee benefits

3,131

2,905

Post-employment benefits

1,127

1,300

Other long-term employee benefits

156

165

Termination benefits

-

-

Total key management personnel remuneration expenses1

4,414

4,370

The total number of key management personnel that are included in the above table are 9 (2019: 8).

  1. The above key management personnel remuneration excludes the remuneration and other benefits of the Portfolio Minister. The Portfolio Minister’s remuneration and other benefits are set by the Remuneration Tribunal and are not paid by the Entity.

6.3 Related Party Disclosures

Related party relationships:

The entity is an Australian Government controlled entity within the Attorney-General’s portfolio. Related parties to the Entity are Key Management Personnel including the Portfolio Minister and Executive and other Australian Government entities.

Transactions with related parties:

Given the breadth of Government activities, related parties may transact with the government sector in the same capacity as ordinary citizens. Such transactions include the payment or refund of taxes, receipt of a Medicare rebate or higher educational loans. These transactions have not been separately disclosed in this note.

Significant transactions with related parties can include:

  • the payments of grants or loans;
  • purchases of goods and services;
  • asset purchases, sales transfers or leases;
  • debts forgiven; and
  • guarantees.

Giving consideration to relationships with related entities, and transactions entered into during the reporting period by the entity, it has been determined that there are no related party transactions to be separately disclosed.

The Entity has no transactions with related parties to disclose as at 30 June 2020 (2019: none).

7. Managing Uncertainties

This section analyses how the Federal Court of Australia manages financial risks within its operating environment.

7.1 Contingent Liabilities and Assets

Note 7.1A: Contingent Liabilities and Assets

Quantifiable contingencies

The Federal Court of Australia has no quantifiable contingent assets or liabilities as at 30 June 2020 (2019: none).

Unquantifiable contingencies

The Federal Court of Australia has no unquantifiable contingent assets or liabilities as at 30 June 2020 (2019: none).

Accounting Policy

Contingent liabilities and contingent assets are not recognised in the statement of financial position but are reported in the notes. They may arise from uncertainty as to the existence of a liability or asset or represent an asset or liability in respect of which the amount cannot be reliably measured. Contingent assets are disclosed when settlement is probable but not virtually certain and contingent liabilities are disclosed when settlement is greater than remote.

Note 7.1B: Administered Contingent Assets and Liabilities

The Entity has no quantifiable or unquantifiable administered contingent liabilities or assets as at 30 June 2020 (2019: none).

7.2 Financial Instruments

Note 7.2A: Categories of financial instruments

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Financial assets

Financial assets at amortised cost

Cash and cash equivalents

1,239

1,237

Trade and other receivables

83

627

Total financial assets at amortised cost

1,322

1,864

Total financial assets

1,322

1,864

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost

Trade creditors

4,681

7,911

Finance leases

-

2,574

Total financial liabilities

4,681

10,485

Accounting Policy

With the implementation of AASB 9 Financial Instruments for the first time in 2019, the Entity classifies its financial assets in the following categories:

  1. financial assets at fair value through profit or loss;
  2. financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income; and
  3. financial assets measured at amortised cost.

The classification depends on both the Entity’s business model for managing the financial assets and contractual cash flow characteristics at the time of initial recognition.

Financial assets are recognised when the Entity becomes a party to the contract and, as a consequence, has a legal right to receive or a legal obligation to pay cash and derecognised when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or are transferred upon trade date.

Comparatives have not been restated on initial application.

Financial Assets at Amortised Cost

Financial assets included in this category need to meet two criteria:

  1. the financial asset is held in order to collect the contractual cash flows; and
  2. the cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest(SPPI) on the principal outstanding amount.

Amortised cost is determined using the effective interest method.

Financial Assets

Trade receivables, loans and other receivables that are held for the purpose of collecting the contractual cash flows where the cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest that are not provided at below-market interest rates are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method adjusted for any loss allowance.

Impairment of financial assets

Financial assets are assessed for impairment at the end of each reporting period based on Expected Credit Losses, using the general approach which measures the loss allowance based on an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses where risk has significantly increased, or an amount equal to 12‐month expected credit losses if risk has not increased.

The simplified approach for trade, contract and lease receivables is used. This approach always measures the loss allowance as the amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses.

A write-off constitutes a derecognition event where the write-off directly reduces the gross carrying amount of the financial asset.

Financial Liabilities

Financial liabilities are classified as either financial liabilities 'at fair value through profit or loss' or other financial liabilities. Financial liabilities are recognised and derecognised upon 'trade date'.

Other Financial Liabilities

Other financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs. These liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, with interest expense recognised on an effective interest basis.

Supplier and other payables are recognised at amortised cost. Liabilities are recognised to the extent that the goods or services have been received (and irrespective of having been invoiced).

The fair value of financial instruments approximates its carrying value.

7.3 Administered – Financial Instruments

Note 7.3A: Categories of financial instruments

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Financial assets at amortised cost

Cash and cash equivalents

103

142

Trade and other receivables

1,039

2,250

Total financial assets at amortised cost

1,142

2,392

Total financial assets

1,142

2,392

Note 7.3B: Net gains or losses on financial liabilities

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost

Interest expense

1,883

65

Net gains/(losses) on financial liabilities measured at amortised cost

1,883

65

7.4 Fair Value Measurement

Accounting Policy

AASB 2015-7 provides relief for not-for –profit public sector entities from making certain specified disclosures about the fair value measurement of assets measured at fair value and categorised within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

Valuations are performed regularly so as to ensure that the carrying amount does not materially differ from fair value at the reporting date. A valuation was made by an external valuer in 2020. The Federal Court of Australia reviews the method used by the valuer annually.

Note 7.4A: Fair Value Measurement

Fair value measurements at the end of the reporting period

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Non-financial assets

Leasehold improvements

35,693

33,318

Plant and equipment

20,014

14,781

The Entity's assets are held for operational purposes and not held for the purposes of deriving a profit. The current use of these assets is considered to be the highest and best use.

There have been no transfers between the levels of the hierarchy during the year. The Entity deems transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy to have occurred when advised by an independent valuer or a change in the market for particular items.

8. Other Information

This section provides other disclosures relevant to the Federal Court of Australia financial information environment for the year.

8.1 Aggregate Assets and Liabilities

Note 8.1A: Aggregate Assets and Liabilities

2020
$'000

2019
$'000

Assets expected to be recovered In:

No more than 12 months

119,583

93,579

More than 12 months

217,089

59,520

Total assets

336,672

153,099

Liabilities expected to be settled in:

No more than 12 months

24,452

25,817

More than 12 months

206,664

53,560

Total liabilities

231,116

79,377

Note 8.1B: Administered Aggregate Assets and Liabilities

Assets expected to be recovered in:

No more than 12 months

1,142

2,392

More than 12 months

-

-

Total assets

1,142

2,392

Liabilities expected to be settled in:

No more than 12 months

574

699

More than 12 months

-

-

Total liabilities

574

699