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APS employee: a person engaged under section 22, or a person who is engaged as an Australian public service employee under section 72 of the Public Service Act 1999

biosecurity: managing risks to Australia’s economy, environment and community of pests and diseases entering, emerging, establishing or spreading in Australia

certification of exports: the provision of official documentation confirming that goods exported from Australia conform to the importing countries conditions

Codex: Codex Alimentarius Commission develops international food standards, guidelines and codes of practice for an international food code that contributes to the safety, quality and fairness of food trade.

cost recovery: the charging of fees to cover the costs of provision of government goods and services.

drivers: Forces of change, either positive or negative, that affect supply and demand, for example, population growth or limits on natural resources

enterprise agreement: an agreement between an employer and a group of employees, or between an employer and a union or unions representing employees, made under the Fair Work Act 2009

G20: the Group of Twenty forum for international economic cooperation, comprising members from 19 countries and the European Union

headcount: the number of actual individuals—including staff on temporary transfer from other agencies and staff on any type of leave—employed at the time the data is collected. The total headcount figure only excludes office holders

levies: money collected and administered by the department on behalf of industry for use in research and development, marketing and promotion, plant and animal health programs and residue testing activities that benefit industry

market access: the openness of a country’s trading market to foreign goods and services

outcomes: the government’s objectives in each portfolio area. Outcomes are desired results, impacts or consequences for the Australian community, as influenced by the actions of the Australian Government. Actual outcomes are assessments of the end results or impacts achieved

program: the name given to the variety of activities a government agency may undertake to achieve stated outcomes

Portfolio budget statements: statements prepared by portfolios to explain the Budget appropriations in terms of outcomes and outputs (that is, where the appropriated funds are going to be spent)

quota: a limit to the amount of a particular commodity that can be exported or imported

regulation: A rule or order, as for conduct, prescribed by authority; a governing direction or law.

Regional Forest Agreement: agreement between the Australian and some state governments to set requirements for sustainable forest management

Sustainable development limits: mechanism under the Murray–Darling Basin Plan that limits the amount of water that can be taken out of the system for consumptive use.

sanitary and phytosanitary: relating to issues of human, animal and plant health, most often in regard to biosecurity measures

sustainability: The capacity for development that can be sustained into the future, within the capacity of the natural resource base. This includes encouraging sustainable agricultural and fishing practices which maintain and improve the natural resource base.