The Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 (PGPA Act) defines activities as the actions and/or efforts performed by a Commonwealth entity or Commonwealth company to deliver government objectives and achieve desired results.
A person engaged under section 22, or a person who is engaged as an Australian public service employee under section 72 of the Public Service Act 1999.
The term 'biodiversity' is a contraction of, and synonymous with, biological diversity. Biological diversity is defined in Article 2 of the Convention on Biological Diversity to mean 'the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems'. A similar definition appears in the glossary to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
The term 'bioregion' is a contraction of biogeographic region and is usually synonymous with that term. It is a geographic area characterised by a combination of physical and biological characteristics – for example, terrain, climate and ecological communities. The glossary of terms related to the Convention on Biological Diversity provides the following definition: 'a territory defined by a combination of biological, social, and geographic criteria, rather than geopolitical considerations; generally, a system of related, interconnected ecosystems'. Bioregions are a useful way to analyse patterns of biodiversity. The definition of a particular bioregion depends on the scale at which its characteristic features are measured.
Managing risks to Australia’s economy, environment and community of pests and diseases entering, emerging, establishing or spreading in Australia.
Accidental or incidental catch taken by fishers (non-target species).
Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e)
A measure that combines the global warming effect of the six greenhouse gases listed in Annex A of the Kyoto Protocol – carbon dioxide (CO2), methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride – into a single meaningful number. Specifically, CO2-e represents the carbon dioxide emissions that would cause the same heating of the atmosphere as a particular mass of an Annex A greenhouse gas. For example, 1 tonne of methane is equivalent to the heating potency of 25 tonnes of carbon dioxide and 1 tonne of nitrous oxide is equivalent to the heating potency of 298 tonnes of carbon dioxide.
Commonwealth Heritage List
Comprises places that are owned or controlled by the Australian Government and have natural, Indigenous and/or historic heritage values under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act). This includes places connected to defence, communications, customs and other government activities that also reflect Australia’s development as a nation.
Commonwealth protected area
A marine or terrestrial area protected under Commonwealth legislation, including World Heritage Areas, National Heritage places, Marine Protected Areas, Ramsar wetlands, Indigenous Protected Areas and other areas within the National Reserve System.
The charging of fees to cover the costs of provision of government goods and services.
Naturally occurring groups of species inhabiting a common environment; interacting with each other, especially through food relationships; and relatively independent of other groups. Ecological communities may vary in size and larger ones may contain smaller ones. The EPBC Act defines ecological communities as assemblages of native species that inhabit particular areas in nature.
The EPBC Act defines ecologically sustainable use of natural resources as 'use of the natural resources within their capacity to sustain natural processes while maintaining the life-support systems of nature and ensuring that the benefit of the use to the present generation does not diminish the potential to meet the needs and aspirations of future generations'.
A dynamic combination of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment (e.g. soil, water and the climatic regime) interacting as a functional unit. Examples of types of ecosystems are forests, wetlands, and grasslands.
The contributions of ecosystems to benefits used in economic and other human activity.
An agreement between an employer and a group of employees, or between an employer and a union or unions representing employees, made under the Fair Work Act 2009.
Water provided for the environment to sustain and, where necessary, restore ecological processes and biodiversity of water-dependent ecosystems.
A multipurpose conceptual framework that describes the interactions between the economy and the environment, and the stocks and changes in stocks of environmental assets.
Total value of all of the resources consumed in producing goods and services.
The provision of official documentation confirming that goods exported from Australia conform to the importing countries conditions
Finalised Priority Assessment List
The list of nominated species, ecological communities and key threatening processes approved for assessment by the minister for a particular assessment year (1 October – 30 September). Each item included on the list is assessed by the Threatened Species Scientific Committee against a set of criteria. At the completion of the assessment the committee provides a listing advice to the minister for decision, as well as a conservation advice that outlines immediate conservation priorities.
The Group of Twenty forum for international economic cooperation, comprising members from 19 countries and the European Union.
The process by which agencies are directed, controlled and held to account. It is generally understood to encompass authority, accountability, stewardship, leadership, direction and control.
Gases that contribute to global warming, including carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, sulphur hexafluoride and nitrogen trifluoride. In addition, the photochemically important gases – non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and carbon monoxide (CO) – are also considered. NMVOC, NOx and CO are not direct greenhouse gases. However, they contribute indirectly to the greenhouse effect by influencing the rate at which ozone and other greenhouse gases are produced and destroyed in the atmosphere.
Halons are fully halogenated chemicals that have relatively long lifetimes in the atmosphere. They are broken down in the stratosphere releasing reactive bromine that is extremely damaging to ozone.
The ability of water to move from one location to another, thereby facilitating the transfer of matter, energy and organisms.
Indigenous Protected Area
An area of Indigenous-owned land or sea where traditional owners have entered into an agreement with the Australian Government to promote biodiversity and cultural resource conservation.
Money collected and administered by the department on behalf of industry for use in research and development, marketing and promotion, plant and animal health programs and residue testing activities that benefit industry.
The openness of a country’s trading market to foreign goods and services.
matters of national environmental significance
The matters of national environmental significance protected under the EPBC Act are listed threatened species and communities; listed migratory species; wetlands of international importance; Commonwealth marine environment; World Heritage properties; National Heritage places; the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park; nuclear actions; and water resources in relation to coal seam gas development and large coal mining development.
National Heritage List
A written record of the places and their heritage values that the Minister is satisfied have one or more of the National Heritage values.
National Pollutant Inventory
The National Pollutant Inventory (NPI) provides the community, industry and government with free information about substance emissions in Australia. It has emission estimates for 93 toxic substances and the source and location of these emissions.
The government's objectives in each portfolio area. Outcomes are desired results, impacts or consequences for the Australian community, as influenced by the actions of the Australian Government. Actual outcomes are assessments of the end results or impacts achieved.
Substances that deplete the earth's protective ozone layer. They are widely used in refrigerators, air conditioners, fire extinguishers, dry cleaning and electronic equipment, as solvents for cleaning, and as agricultural fumigants. Ozone-depleting substances include chlorofluorocarbons, halon, hydrochlorofluorocarbons and methyl bromide. Countries have agreed to phase out ozone-depleting substances through the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Some industries that use ozone-depleting substances are replacing those substances with synthetic greenhouse gases.
Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements
Update or amend information in the Portfolio Budget Statements on the resources available to, and the planned performance of, each agency within a portfolio.
Portfolio Budget Statements
Statements prepared by portfolios to explain the Budget appropriations in terms of outcomes and outputs (that is, where the appropriated funds are going to be spent)
The whole process of acquiring property and services.
Recognises that manufacturers, importers and others who benefit from making and selling a product share some responsibility for the environmental impacts of that product.
The name given to the variety of activities a government agency may undertake to achieve stated outcomes.
The PGPA Act defines purposes (when used in relation to an Australian Government entity or an Australian Government company) to include the objectives, functions or role of the entity or company. In relation to performance management, purposes are defined as the reasons or ideal state or outcomes for which the entity or company undertakes its activities.
A limit to the amount of a particular commodity that can be exported or imported.
Wetlands of international importance designated under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
regional forest agreement
An agreement between the Australian and some state governments to set requirements for sustainable forest management.
A rule or order, as for conduct, prescribed by authority; a governing direction or law.
The total value of resources earned or received to cover the production of goods and services.
sanitary and phytosanitary
Relating to issues of human, animal and plant health, most often in regard to biosecurity measures.
The capacity for development that can be sustained into the future, within the capacity of the natural resource base. This includes encouraging sustainable agricultural and fishing practices which maintain and improve the natural resource base.
sustainable diversion limit
The maximum long-term annual average quantities of water that can be taken, on a sustainable basis, from Murray–Darling Basin water resources as a whole and from the water resources, or particular parts of the water resources, of each resource plan area in the Basin.
threat abatement plan
Threat abatement plans are developed when they are deemed by the minister to be a feasible, efficient and effective way of abating a listed key threatening process, having regard to the advice of the Threatened Species Scientific Committee and other nominated persons or bodies.
Listed threatened species (together with listed threatened ecological communities) form one of the 9 matters of national environmental significance protected by the EPBC Act. Listed threatened species are categorised under the Act as 'extinct', 'extinct in the wild', 'critically endangered', 'endangered', 'vulnerable' or 'conservation dependent'.
Changes to most a species already on the threatened list into a higher threat category.