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National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting

The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme is a national asset providing comprehensive coverage of Australia’s energy production, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Reported data is also used to determine baselines for the Safeguard Mechanism and measure emissions against those baselines.

In total, 418 corporations met the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting publication threshold for 2018–19, with 99.21 per cent of reports submitted by the 31 October 2019 statutory deadline. Data highlights include:

  • 338 million tonnes of scope 1 emissions were reported for 2018–19, consistent with reported 2017–18 scope 1 emissions
  • 48.8 per cent of reported scope 1 emissions were attributed to the electricity sector in 2018–19, consistent with previous years
  • 3931 petajoules of net energy was consumed in 2018–19, consistent with previous years, and
  • 210 facilities were covered under the Safeguard Mechanism, which collectively gave rise to 144.2 million tonnes of covered emissions, accounting for 43 per cent of reported scope 1 emissions.

The 2018–19 National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme data is published on our website.

Safeguard Mechanism

Under the Safeguard Mechanism, facilities with annual covered scope 1 emissions of more than 100,000 tonnes are required to keep their emissions below a set baseline. Baselines are intended to reflect normal business operations, while accommodating business growth. Safeguard Mechanism entities have several ways to manage excess emissions, including purchasing and surrendering ACCUs to offset their emissions. All entities met their Safeguard Mechanism obligations for 2018–19 by ensuring facilities did not have emissions that exceeded their baselines on or after 1 March 2020.

During 2019–20 we issued:

  • 21 calculated baseline determinations to facilities, with a start date of 1 July 2018
  • two calculated baseline determinations and one production-adjusted baseline to facilities, with a start date of 1 July 2019
  • three baseline variations to facilities for 2018–19, due to improved emissions intensity at the facilities (2018–19 was the last year this type of variation was available), and
  • 14 multi-year monitoring periods to facilities that exceeded their baselines, allowing them to average out their net emissions over a two or three-year period.

In total, these determinations covered 31 facilities, as 10 facilities were granted both a calculated baseline determination and a multi-year monitoring period.