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Appendix A: Operating statistics

Flight operations

Table A.1 Air operator certificates, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of application

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial issue

55

44

40

Subsequent issue

276

225

184

Variation

214

258

180

Total

545

527

404

Current certificates at 30 June

794a

793a

791

Note: Includes operators involved in one or more of aerial work, charter, charter (cargo), flying training, foreign aircraft (passengers and cargo), foreign aircraft (cargo), scheduled cargo services, and scheduled passenger services.

Figures only include Australian and discrete certificates issued and current during the period.

a Figure updated to reflect the number of current certificates as opposed to the number of certificate holders as shown in the 2018–19 annual report.

Table A.2 Remotely piloted aircraft operator certificates, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of application

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial issue

332

380

448

Subsequent issue

444

381

400

Variation

62

66

69

Total

838

827

917

Current certificates at 30 June

1,357

1,628

1,952

Table A.3 Remote pilot licences, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of application

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial issue

3,034

4,149

3,369

Current licences at 30 June

8,698

12,845

16,482

Flight personnel

Table A.4 Flight crew licences, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Aircraft type

Licence type

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Issued

Current

Issued

Current

Issued

Current

Pilotsa

Aeroplane

Air transport

240

7,304

188

7,280

166

6,519

Commercial

883

5,091

1,142

5,312

1,343

4,990

Commercial (CASA EX25/18)b

n/a

4,303

0

4,415

0

5,506

Private

1,057

9,004

1,035

9,019

1,184

8,406

Recreational

1,190

3,000

1,265

3,206

1,228

3,185

Total aeroplane pilots

3,370

28,702

3,630

29,232

3,921

28,606

Helicopter

Air transport

20

782

16

763

14

654

Commercial

202

2,030

173

1,977

271

1,801

Commercial (CASA EX25/18)b

n/a

741

0

807

0

1,133

Private

103

806

120

877

95

846

Recreational

10

28

5

27

8

30

Total helicopter pilots

335

4,387

314

4,451

388

4,464

Other

Commercial – Otherc

7

105

8

114

4

110

Commercial (CASA EX25/18)b

n/a

3

0

3

0

1

Private – gyroplane

0

1

0

2

1

3

Recreational

1

2

0

1

3

2

Total other pilots

8

111

8

120

8

116

Glider

Total glider pilots

7

48

5

49

13

50

Total initial issues and current pilotsd

3,720

31,145

3,957

31,750

4,330

31,203

Flight engineers

All

Flight engineer

0

70

0

68

0

62

Restricted flight engineer

0

0

0

0

0

0

Student flight engineer

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total initial issues and current flight engineers

0

70

0

68

0

62

a For current pilots, pilots are counted only once in each licence category (aeroplane, helicopter and other), against the highest licence level of privileges their medical certificate permits them to use.

b CASA EX25/18 is effective 1 March 2018 to 29 February 2020. It enables a pilot holding a licence at the commercial pilot licence (CPL) level or air transport pilots licence level and a current class 2 medical to exercise reduced CPL privileges.

c Includes balloons and airships.

d Includes all pilots who held a minimum of a Class 2 medical each financial year. This reflects the number of pilots who were active, but not necessarily exercising the full privileges of their licence. In this row a pilot is counted only once regardless of the number of categories of licences held; therefore, the total does not equal the sum of the licence categories above it.

Table A.5 Flight crew licensing examinations, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of licence

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Exams sat

% passed

Exams sat

% passed

Exams sat

% passed

Air transport pilot

5,016

73.1

5,889

73.1

5,604

75.1

Commercial pilot

13,113

70.5

15,629

72.8

17,077

73.5

Private pilot

1,793

65.0

1,862

67.3

1,813

71.4

Recreational pilot

376

58.5

1,143

57.8

1,966

58.0

Total

20,298

70.4

24,523

70.7

26,460

72.6

Table A.6 Medical certificates, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of certificate

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial

Renewal

Refusal

Initial

Renewal

Refusal

Initial

Renewal

Refusal

Class 1

2,137

15,992

26

2,624

16,847

51

2,427

15,272

47

Class 2

3,727

21,253

24

4,483

21,967

49

4,066

19,871

36

Basic Class 2a

n/a

n/a

n/a

978

4

0

810

92

0

Class 3

70

684

2

126

670

5

117

552

2

Total

4,146

21,835

52

6,002

22,549

105

5,403

20,438

85

n/a = not applicable

Note: The certificate classes are 1 Professional pilots and flight engineers, 2 Student and private pilots (Basic Class 2 is an alternative to a full Class 2 certificate for private operations), and 3 Air traffic control and flight service providers. A certificate issued may have more than one class of medical: for example, all Class 1 medicals are automatically issued a Class 2 medical. The total shown is the total number of certificates issued, not the sum of the three licence classes for initial issues or renewals.

a The Basic Class 2 medical certificate was introduced as part of changes made to the aviation medical certification system on 2 July 2018. The Basic Class 2 certificate allows designated aviation medical examiners and general practitioners to assess applicants against the Austroads commercial driving standards for some simple types of private flying.

Maintenance organisations

Table A.7 Certificates of approval, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of application

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial issue

12

14

12

Subsequent issue

13

14

10

Variation

63

66

55

Total

88

94

77

Current certificates at 30 June

629

608

577

Note: Includes operators involved in one or more of aircraft and component maintenance, design (aircraft, components and materials), distribution (components and materials), aircraft maintenance engineer training and examinations.

Table A.8 Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Part 145 approval certificates, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of application

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial issue

3

9

3

Subsequent issue

49

67

30

Variation

30

37

31

Total

82

113

64

Current certificates at 30 June

154

156

161

Maintenance personnel

Table A.9 Aircraft maintenance engineer examinations, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of examination

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Schedule of Experience examinations

905

840

929

Weight control authority examinations

30

31

13

Total

935

871

942

Table A.10 Aircraft maintenance engineer licences, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Detail

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Licence assessments

Australian military

1

2

2

Foreign civil

23

22

30

Total

24

24

32

Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition Act 1997 assessments conducted

8

9

32

Licences issued

135

116

192

Current licences at 30 June

8,913

9,028

9,218

Average age of licence holder

51.2

52.0

52.6

Table A.11 Airworthiness authorities, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of authority

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Maintenance

10

19

4

Non-destructive testing

8

11

2

Weight control

4

20

4

Welding

6

8

4

Airworthiness

Table A.12 Airworthiness certificates, authorisations and approvals issued, 2017–18 to 2019-20

Type of permission

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Type certificatea

Aeroplanes

5

5

4

Lighter than air

2

1

1

Rotorcraft

0

0

1

Engine

0

0

0

Propeller

0

0

0

Total

7

6

6

Type acceptance certificatea

Aeroplanes

13

15

18

Lighter than air

2

2

1

Rotorcraft

3

2

3

Total

18

19

22

Other authorisations, certificates and approvals

Supplemental type certificatea

15

28

18

Certificate of airworthiness

491

488

412

Special flight authorisation

16

16

20

Special flight permitb

443

296

296

Experimental certificatec

159

157

160

Simulator certification (flight simulator training devices)

54

55

63

Design advice

74

75

77

Flight manual supplement

3

0

6

a Includes amendments to supplemental data, including type certificate data sheets and type certificate holder details.

b Includes all permits issued by CASA and industry delegates.

c Includes certificates issued for devices located overseas.

Table A.13 Aircraft registrations, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of registration

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial registration

422

402

336

Change of registration holder

1,313

1,263

1,428

Cancellation of registration

306

311

235

Change of registration mark

51

52

47

Reservation of registration mark

913

870

808

Reissue of certificate of registrationa

64

54

79

Aircraft registered at 30 June

15,529

15,620b

15,721

Marks reserved at 30 June

577

546b

556

a Due to changes of address or loss, for example.

b The 2018–19 annual report showed the total number of registered aircraft as 15,617 and cancellations as 311. Those figures have been corrected this year.

Table A.14 Average age of the Australian fleet of civil aircraft at 30 June 2020

Aircraft group by airframe and propulsion characteristics

> 56 yrs

56–47 yrs

46–37 yrs

36–27 yrs

26–17 yrs

16–7 yrs

6–2 yrs

< 2 yrs

Total by group

% of total fleet

Gliders

80

223

400

127

91

54

23

1

999

6.35

Powered gliders

0

25

43

49

60

71

36

5

289

1.84

Balloons

0

0

19

55

106

131

109

20

440

2.79

Airships

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0.01

Remotely piloted aircraft systems

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

0.01

Amateur-built aircraft

Aeroplane

Single-engine

Diesel

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0.01

Piston

1

18

84

158

407

532

181

49

1,430

9.10

Turboprop

0

0

0

0

4

0

1

0

5

0.03

Jet

0

0

1

0

0

1

1

1

4

0.02

Rotary

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0.01

Multi-engine

Piston

0

0

0

2

4

2

3

1

12

0.08

Jet

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0.01

Helicopter

Diesel

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0.01

Piston

2

0

0

6

33

39

6

0

86

0.55

Turboshaft

0

0

0

0

0

6

8

1

15

0.10

Electric engine

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0.01

Production aircraft

Helicopter

Single-engine

Piston

13

64

29

154

222

671

156

29

1,338

8.51

Turboshaft

6

77

196

119

73

121

28

8

628

3.99

Multi-engine

Up to 5,700 kg MTOW

Turboshaft

0

0

40

49

40

44

11

1

185

1.17

Over 5,700 kg MTOW

Turboshaft

0

0

2

3

0

29

42

5

81

0.52

Aeroplane

Single-engine

Up to 5,700 kg MTOW

Diesel

0

0

0

0

1

5

0

0

6

0.04

Piston

1,436

1,484

2,708

302

501

642

176

75

7,324

46.58

Turboprop

1

3

26

66

122

124

36

7

385

2.45

Jet

9

9

19

10

0

0

0

0

47

0.30

Over 5,700 kg MTOW

Piston

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0.02

Turboprop

0

0

0

2

24

45

16

1

88

0.56

Jet

5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

0.03

Multi-engine

Up to 5,700 kg MTOW

Diesel

0

0

0

0

0

7

1

0

8

0.05

Piston

59

288

680

37

26

54

27

5

1,176

7.48

Turboprop

0

7

107

24

18

38

6

0

200

1.27

Jet

1

5

5

1

11

11

3

0

37

0.23

5,701 to 20,000 kg MTOW

Piston

22

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

25

0.16

Turboprop

3

0

8

83

90

26

9

2

221

1.41

Jet

1

0

33

17

34

21

4

3

113

0.72

20,001 to 50,000 kg MTOW

Piston

5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

0.03

Turboprop

2

0

1

3

3

44

5

0

58

0.37

Jet

1

1

0

65

48

20

6

0

141

0.89

50,001 to 100,000 kg MTOW

Piston

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0.01

Turboprop

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0.01

Jet

0

1

0

7

52

192

24

2

278

1.77

Over 100,000 kg MTOW

Jet

0

0

0

1

11

48

17

3

80

0.51

Total by age bracket

1,651

2,208

4,402

1,340

1,983

2,981

936

220

15,721

100.00

% of total fleet

10.50

14.05

28.00

8.52

12.61

18.96

5.95

1.41

100.00

MTOW = maximum take-off weight

Table A.15 Appointments of airworthiness delegates and authorised persons, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of appointment

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Appointments excluding Civil Aviation Safety Regulations subpart 21M

Initial issue

21

8

6

Subsequent issue

52

44

5

Variation

9

4

61

Active at 30 June

133

173

132

Appointments under Civil Aviation Safety Regulations subpart 21M

Initial issue and variation

18

26

23

Active at 30 June

35

37

33

Total appointments active at 30 June

168

210

165

Table A.16 Production authorisations, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of authorisation

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Production certificate

Initial issue

0

0

0

Variation

3

1

5

Under voluntary suspension at 30 June

4

4

4

Active as 30 June

7

8

8

One-off production certificate

Initial issue

2

1

1

Variation

0

10

3

Under voluntary suspension at 30 June

3

2

2

Active at 30 June

35

36

36

Australian parts manufacturing approval

Initial issue

1

0

1

Variation

9

5

7

Under voluntary suspension at 30 June

12

2

5

Active at 30 June

35

36

34

Australian Technical Standard Order authorisation

Initial issue or variation

0

4

4

Under voluntary suspension at 30 June

3

3

4

Active at 30 June

9

8

7

Parts approval under CASR 21.305A

Initial issue or variation

1

2

3

Under voluntary suspension at 30 June

3

3

3

Active at 30 June

9

9

9

Table A.17 Airworthiness directives and bulletins, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of directive/bulletin

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Australian Airworthiness Directive

Issued

30

40

1

Cancelled

41

33

9

Amended

33

29

14

Current

7,962

7,886

7,834

State of design airworthiness directive

635

642

478

Exclusion from airworthiness directive

72

72

99

Review of airworthiness directive

8

12

7

Airworthiness Bulletin

Issued or amended

22

22

6

Current

376

384

384

Table A.18 Aircraft defect reports, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Report status

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Received during the year

1,734

1,814

1,157

Closed during the year

875

1,201

n/aa

Open as at 30 June

1,495

2,108

n/aa

n/a = not applicable

a As a result of new defect reporting procedures implemented in 2019–20, defect reports no longer have a status of open or closed.

Aerodromes

Table A.19 Aerodromes at 30 June, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Aerodrome status

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Certified

194

197

199

Registered

130

126

129

Total

324

323

328

Training

Table A.20 Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Part 141 flight training certificates, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of application

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial issuea

17

17

16

Subsequent issue

16

31

55

Variation

53

47

43

Total

86

95

114

Current certificates at 30 Juneb

n/a

237

250

n/a = not applicable

a The figures for initial issue do not include interim certificates and transitions.

b A four-year transition period to the new licensing and training regulations was completed on 31 August 2018, making the previously unreportable figure for ‘current certificates’ available from 2018–19.

Table A.21 Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Part 142 flight training certificates, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of application

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial issuea

0

1

3

Subsequent issue

3

5

12

Variation

5

4

10

Total

8

10

25

Current certificates at 30 Juneb

n/a

62

65

n/a = not applicable

a The figures for initial issue do not include interim certificates and transitions.

b A four-year transition period to the new licensing and training regulations was completed on 31 August 2018, making the previously unreportable figure for ‘current certificates’ available from 2018–19.

Table A.22 Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Part 147 maintenance training organisation certificates, 2017–18 to 2019–20

Type of application

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

Initial issuea

1

2

4

Variation

40

56

57

Total

41

58

61

Suspended certificates

0

0

1

Surrendered certificates

1

2

1

a The figures for initial issue do not include interim certificates and transitions.