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The impact of legislative reform

The passage of espionage and foreign interference (EFI) legislation has proven a valuable tool to ASIO and partners in preventing threats posed by foreign intelligence services (FIS) and their proxies. The legislation, coupled with operational work, caused some intelligence services to reassess the risks associated with conducting clandestine foreign intelligence operations in or against Australia, and—in some cases—they ceased activities.

We assess that the legislation also contributed to some FIS more openly declaring their intelligence presence and activities in Australia. This informed our assessments, and improved our understanding of the EFI threat in Australia, enabling us to direct our efforts towards mitigating highest harm activities.