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adverse security assessment—ASIO recommends that a particular prescribed administrative action be taken or not taken which would be prejudicial to the interests of the person, such as the refusal of a visa or cancellation of a passport.

communal violence—violence between different groups or individuals in the Australian community that endangers the peace, order or good government of the Commonwealth.

espionage—the theft of Australian information or capability by individuals either acting on behalf of a foreign power or with the intent of providing information to a foreign power in order to provide that foreign power with an advantage.

foreign fighters—Australians who have participated in foreign conflicts or undertaken training with extremist groups overseas.

foreign interference—activities relating to Australia that are conducted by, or on behalf of, a foreign power; are directed or subsidised by a foreign power; or are undertaken in active collaboration with a foreign power. These activities:

  1. involve a threat to any person; or
  2. are clandestine or deceptive and:
    • are conducted for intelligence purposes;
    • are conducted for the purpose of affecting political or governmental processes; or
    • are otherwise detrimental to the interests of Australia.

foreign power—a foreign government, or an entity that is directed or controlled by a foreign government or governments, or a foreign political organisation.

investigation—the processes involved in collecting, correlating and evaluating information on known harmful activities and emerging security risks. The purpose of ASIO’s security investigations is to develop insights that inform government decision-making and enable preventative action, including by partner agencies.

jihadist—commonly used as a noun to refer to a person involved in violent jihad.

malicious insiders—trusted employees and contractors who deliberately breach their duty to maintain the security of privileged information, techniques, technology, assets or premises.

non‑prejudicial assessment—ASIO does not have security concerns about the proposed action.

qualified security assessment—ASIO does not make a prejudicial recommendation but does communicate information, an opinion or advice that is, or could be, prejudicial to the interests of the person in relation to the contemplated prescribed administrative action.

radicalisation—the process by which an individual’s beliefs move from mainstream views (those commonly accepted by the majority within a society) towards more marginal views (those less widely accepted or not accepted by the majority within a society). Radicalisation occurs across a spectrum, and some individuals may become radicalised sufficiently to advocate or use violence to effect societal or political change.

terrorism—a tactic that can be employed by any group or individual determined to use violence to achieve or advance a political goal.

violent extremism—any ideology or world view that is advanced through the use of violence; violent extremism is unlawful.