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Managing uncertainties

This section analyses how the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority manages financial risks within its operating environment

5.1: Contingent Assets and Liabilities

5.1: Contingent Assets and Liabilities

Quantifiable Contingencies

The APVMA has no quantifiable contingent liabilities relating to litigation costs. (2017‐18: nil)

Unuantifiable Contingencies

The APVMA had no unquantifiable contingencies. (2017‐18: nil)

Accounting Policy

Contingent liabilities and contingent assets are not recognised in the statement of financial position but are reported in the notes. They may arise from uncertainty as to the existence of a liability or asset or represent an asset or liability in respect of which the amount cannot be reliably measured. Contingent assets are disclosed when settlement is probable but not virtually certain and contingent liabilities are disclosed when settlement is greater than remote.

5.2: Financial Instruments

5.2 Financial Instruments

5.2A: Categories of financial instruments

2019

$'000

2018

$'000

Financial Assets under AASB 139

Loans and receivables

Cash and cash equivalent

2 269

Other sundry debtors

529

Total Loans and receivables

2 798

Financial Assets under AASB 9

Financial assets at amortised cost

Cash and cash equivalents

8 918

Other sundry debtors

214

Total Financial assets at amortised cost

9 132

Total Financial assets

9 132

2 798

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost

Other liabilities

Trade creditors and accruals

2 633

3 023

Other payables

6 463

2 146

Total financial liabilities measured at amortised cost

9 096

5 169

Total financial liabilities

9 096

5 169

Classification of Financial assets on the date of initial application of AASB 9

Financial Asset category

Cash and cash equivalents

Total financial assets

AASB 139 classification

Loans and receivables

AASB 9 new classification

Amortised cost

AASB 139 carrying amount at 1 July 2018

2,798

2,798

AASB 9 carrying amount at 1 July 2018

2,798

2,798

There were no changes to the carrying amounts of financial assets on the initial application of AASB 9.

5.2B: Net gains or losses on financial assets

Financial assets at amortised cost

Interest revenue

48

34

Net gain/(loss) from financial assets

48

34

5.2C: Net gains and losses on financial liabilities

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost

Lease liability (increase)/decrease

167

(751)

Net gain/(loss) from financial assets

167

(751)

5.2D: Fair value of financial instruments

The net fair values of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables and other receivables approximate their carrying amounts.

The net fair values for trade creditors and other liabilities are approximated by their carrying amounts.

AASB 9 contains the requirement for interest revenue to be calculated using the effective interest rate method. Interest revenue recognised by the APVMA is interest received on its bank account. The change in relevant standards and definitions do not have an impact on interest revenue recognised by the APVMA.

Accounting Policy

Financial assets

With the implementation of AASB 9 Financial Instruments for the first time in 2019, the entity classifies its financial assets in the following categories:

a) financial assets at fair value through profit or loss;

b) financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income; and

c) financial assets measured at amortised cost.

The classification depends on both the entity's business model for managing the financial assets and contractual cash flow characteristics at the time of initial recognition. Financial assets are recognised when the entity becomes a party to the contract and, as a consequence, has a legal right to receive or a legal obligation to pay cash and derecognised when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or are transferred upon trade date.

Comparatives have not been restated on initial application.

Financial Assets at Amortised Cost

Financial assets included in this category need to meet two criteria:

1. the financial asset is held in order to collect the contractual cash flows; and

2. the cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest(SPPI) on the principal outstanding amount.

Amortised cost is determined using the effective interest method.

Effective Interest Method

Income is recognised on an effective interest rate basis for financial assets that are recognised at amortised cost.

Impairment of Financial Asset

Financial assets are assessed for impairment at the end of each reporting period based on Expected Credit Losses, using the general approach which measures the loss allowance based on an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses where risk has significantly increased, or an amount equal to 12‐month expected credit losses if risk has not increased.

The simplified approach for trade, contract and lease receivables is used. This approach always measures the loss allowance as the amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses.

A write‐off constitutes a derecognition event where the write off directly reduces the gross carrying amount of the financial asset.

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are classified as either financial liabilities 'at fair value through profit or loss’ or other financial liabilities. Financial liabilities are recognised and derecognised upon ‘trade date’.

Financial Liabilities at Fair Value Through Profit or Loss

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are initially measured at fair value. Subsequent fair value adjustments are recognised in profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognised in profit or loss incorporates any interest paid on the financial liability.

Financial Liabilities at Amortised Cost

Financial liabilities, including borrowings, are initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs. These liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, with interest expense recognised on an effective interest basis.

Supplier and other payables are recognised at amortised cost. Liabilities are recognised to the extent that the goods or services have been received (and irrespective of having been invoiced).

5.3: Fair Value Measurements

5.3: Fair Value Measurements

Accounting Policy

Non‐financial assets

Initial recognition

Assets are recorded at cost on acquisition except as stated below. The cost of acquisition includes the fair value of assets transferred in an exchange and any liabilities undertaken. Financial assets are initially measured at their fair value plus transaction costs where appropriate.

Assets acquired at no cost, or for nominal consideration, are initially recognised as assets and income at their fair value at the date of acquisition, unless acquired as a consequence of a restructuring of administrative arrangements. In the latter case, assets are initially recognised as contributions by owners at the amounts at which they were recognised in the transferor’s accounts immediately prior to the restructuring.

Revaluations

Property, plant and equipment are then carried at fair value once they have been revalued in accordance with policy. Valuations are conducted with sufficient frequency to ensure that the carrying amounts of assets do not differ materially from the assets’ fair values at reporting date. The regularity of independent valuations depends upon the volatility of movements in market values for the relevant assets. Assets are presently revalued on a three year cycle. If there are any major impacts on any asset group, the effect is assessed and the asset's valuation will be adjusted. As the asset groups are quite stable, any impacts are minimal.

All assets (except for intangibles) were revalued as at 30 June 2016 by an independent valuer. For the 2018‐19 reporting period, a revaluation exercise was not conducted as the majority of assets acquired were commissioned in June 2019. Management has deferred the revaluation exercise until the 2019‐20 financial year reporting period.

Valuation method

2019

$'000

2018

$'000

Non-financial assets

Leasehold improvements

Depreciated replacement cost adjusted for impairment

2 858

500

Property, plant and equipment

Depreciated replacement cost adjusted for impairment

1 297

818

4 155

1 318