Note 6 Managing Uncertainty
This section analyses how AFMA manages financial risks within its operating environment.
Note 6.1 Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
* AFMA entered negotiations with National Indigenous Australians Agency (NIAA) - formerly the Department of Prime Minister & Cabinet (PM&C) - regarding month-to-month rent payable to NIAA for 2018-19 and 2019-20. The maximum contingent liability for rent payable by AFMA is $77,000.
Note 6.2 Financial Instruments
AFMA’s financial assets consist of cash and cash equivalents, accrued revenues and both statutory receivables and goods and services receivables. Receivables for statutory charges are not financial instruments—examples of statutory charges include GST (receivable from or payable to the ATO), levies, rates and fines. However, the initial recognition and measurement of statutory receivables is treated as if they are financial instruments under AASB 9. Receivables from statutory charges are assessed annually for impairment in accordance with AASB 136.
AFMA’s financial liabilities include trade creditors and accrued expenses.
Accounting Policies - Financial Instruments
Trade receivables, loans and other receivables that are held for the purpose of collecting the contractual cash flows where the cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest, that are not provided at below-market interest rates, are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method adjusted for any loss allowance.
With the implementation of AASB 9 Financial Instruments for the first time in 2019, AFMA classifies its financial assets in the following categories:
- financial assets at fair value through profit or loss;
- financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income; and
- financial assets measured at amortised cost.
The classification depends on both AFMA's business model for managing the financial assets and contractual cash flow characteristics at the time of initial recognition. Financial assets are recognised when AFMA becomes a party to the contract and, as a consequence, has a legal right to receive or a legal obligation to pay cash and derecognised when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or are transferred upon trade date.
Comparatives have not been restated on initial application.
Financial Assets at Amortised Cost
Financial assets included in this category need to meet two criteria:
- the financial asset is held in order to collect the contractual cash flows; and
- the cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI) on the principal outstanding amount.
Amortised cost is determined using the effective interest method.
Impairment of Financial Assets
Financial assets are assessed for impairment at the end of each reporting period based on Expected Credit Losses, using the general approach which measures the loss allowance based on an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses where risk has significantly increased, or an amount equal to 12‐month expected credit losses if risk has not increased.
The simplified approach for trade, contract and lease receivables is used. This approach always measures the loss allowance as the amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses.
A write-off constitutes a derecognition event where the write-off directly reduces the gross carrying amount of the financial asset.
Financial liabilities are classified as either financial liabilities 'at fair value through profit or loss' or other financial liabilities.
Financial liabilities are recognised and derecognised upon 'trade date'.
Financial Liabilities at Fair Value Through Profit or Loss
Financial liabilities at fair value through profit of loss are initially measured at fair value. Subsequent fair value adjustments are recognised in profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognised in profit or loss incorporates any interest paid on the financial liability.
Financial Liabilities at Amortised Cost
Financial liabilities, including borrowings, are initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs. These liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, with interest expense recognised on an effective interest basis.
Supplier and other payables are recognised at amortised cost. Liabilities are recognised to the extent that the goods or services have been received (and irrespective of having been invoiced).
Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
Contingent liabilities and contingent assets are not recognised in the balance sheet but are reported in the relevant notes. They may arise from uncertainty as to the existence of a liability or asset or represent an asset or liability in respect of which the amount cannot be reliably measured. Contingent assets are disclosed when settlement is probable but not virtually certain and contingent liabilities are disclosed when settlement is greater than remote.