Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Preparation
The financial statements are general purpose financial statements that have been prepared in accordance with Australian Accounting Standards – Reduced Disclosure Requirements and Interpretations issued by the Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB), the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission Act 2012 that apply for the reporting period and the Corporations Act 2001. The company is a not-for-profit entity for financial reporting purposes under the Australian Accounting Standards.
The financial statements, except for the cash flow information, have been prepared on an accruals basis and are based on historical costs, modified, where applicable, by the measurement at fair value of selected non-current assets, financial assets and financial liabilities. The amounts presented in the financial statements have been rounded to the nearest dollar.
The financial statements are presented in Australian dollars, which is Creative Partnerships Australia’s functional and presentation currency. The company has no transactions in foreign currencies.
New and revised accounting standards
A number of new standards and amendments to the standards are effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019 (unless otherwise stated). The company has considered the impact of these changes and their application in the preparation of the financial statements.
No accounting standards have been adopted earlier than the application date as stated in the standard.
AASB 15 – Revenue from contracts with customers
The AASB has issued a new standard for the recognition of revenue. This will replace AASB 118 which covers contracts for goods and services. The new standard is based on the principle that revenue is recognised when control of a good or service transfers to a customer – so the notion of control replaces the existing notion of risks and rewards.
The new standard is effective for all reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019. The company has elected not to early adopt this new standard.
AASB 1058 – Income for Not-for-Profit Entities
This Standard clarifies and simplifies the income recognition requirements that apply to not-for- profit entities, in conjunction with AASB 15. And replaces AASB 1004 Contributions. It establishes revenue recognition principles for transactions where the considerate to acquire an asset is significantly less than fair value to enable the entity to further its objectives.
The new standard is effective for all reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019. The company has elected not to early adopt this new standard.
AASB 16 – Leases
In February 2016, the AASB issued AASB 16 Leases. The standard provides a single lessee accounting model, requiring lessees to recognise an asset (the right to use the leased item) and a financial liability to pay rentals. The only exemptions are where the lease term is 12 months or less, or the underlying asset has a low value. Lessor accounting is substantially unchanged under AASB 16.
The new standard is effective for all reporting periods commencing 1 January 2019. The company has elected not to early adopt this new standard. Note 13 summarises the company’s current lease commitments and Management are in the process of completing their assessment of the impact of the effect of AASB 16.
Revenue is recognised as follows:
- Non-reciprocal grants revenue is recognised in the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income when the entity obtains control of the grant and it is probable that the economic benefits gained from the grant will flow to the entity and the amount of the grant can be measured reliably.
- Grants with conditions attached which must be satisfied before the contributions will be received will be recognised as revenue only when those conditions are satisfied.
- When grant revenue is received whereby the company incurs an obligation to deliver economic value directly back to the contributor, this is considered a reciprocal transaction and the grant revenue is recognised in the statement of financial position as a liability until the service has been delivered to the contributor, otherwise the grant is recognised as income on receipt.
- Donations and bequests are recognised as revenue when received.
- Revenue from the rendering of a service is recognised upon the delivery of the service to the customers.
- Interest revenue is recognised using the effective interest rate method, which for floating rate financial assets is the rate inherent in the instrument.
All revenue is stated net of the amount of goods and services tax (GST).
1.2 Economic Dependency
Creative Partnerships Australia is a wholly owned Commonwealth company and received approximately 89% (2018: 94%) of its income from the Australian Government for funding of its operations. The company would not be able to continue its operations in 2018-19 without Australian Government funding.
1.3 Income Tax
No provision for income tax has been raised as the company is exempt from income tax under Section 50-45 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.
1.4 Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, deposits held at-call with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.
1.5 Acquisition of Assets
Assets are recorded at cost on acquisition except as stated below. The cost of acquisition includes the fair value of assets transferred in exchange and liabilities undertaken.
Assets acquired at no cost, or for nominal consideration, are initially recognised as assets and revenues at their fair value at the date of acquisition.
1.6 Property Plant and Equipment
Leasehold improvements are shown at their fair value based on periodic valuations by external independent valuers, less subsequent depreciation.
In periods when the leasehold improvements are not subject to an independent valuation, the directors conduct directors’ valuations to ensure the carrying amount is not materially different to the fair value.
Increases in the carrying amount arising on revaluation of leasehold improvements are recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in the revaluation surplus in equity. Revaluation decreases that offset previous increases of the same class of assets are recognised in other comprehensive income under the heading of revaluation surplus. All other decreases are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.
Any accumulated depreciation at the date of the revaluation is eliminated against the gross carrying amount of the asset and the net amount is restated to the revalued amount of the asset.
Property Plant and Equipment
Each class of property, plant and equipment is carried at cost or fair value as indicated, less, where applicable accumulated depreciation and impairment losses.
The carrying amount of plant and equipment is reviewed annually by directors to ensure it is not in excess of expected net cash flows that will be received from the assets employment and subsequent disposal. The expected net cash flows have been discounted to their present values in determining recoverable costs.
Asset Recognition Threshold
Purchases of plant and equipment are recognised initially at cost in the statement of financial position, except for purchases costing less than $2,000, which are expensed in the year of acquisition (other than where they form part of a group of similar items which are significant in total).
The initial cost of an asset includes an estimate of the cost of dismantling and removing the item and restoring the site on which it is located. This is particularly relevant to ‘make good’ provisions in property leases taken up by the company where there exists an obligation to restore the property to its original condition. These costs are included in the value of the company’s leasehold improvements with a corresponding provision for the ‘make good’ recognised.
The depreciable amount of all fixed assets is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the assets useful life to the entity commencing from the time the asset is ready for use. Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the shorter of either the unexpired period of the lease or the estimated useful lives of the improvements. Depreciation rates used for each class of depreciable assets are:
Class of fixed asset
Plant and equipment
15% to 30%
The assets’ residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period.
Asset classes carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset’s carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.
Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing proceeds with the carrying amount.
These gains or losses are included in the Statement of comprehensive income. When revalued assets are sold, amounts included in the revaluation reserve relating to that asset are transferred to retained earnings.
1.7 Provision for Lease Makegood
A provision is recognised when the company has a legal or constructive obligation, as a result of past events, for which it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will result and that outflow can be reliably measured. Provisions recognised represent the best estimate of the amounts required to settle an obligation at the end of the reporting period.
1.8 Employee Benefits
Provision is made for the company’s liability for employee benefits arising from services rendered by employees to the end of the reporting period.
Short-term employee benefits
Employee benefits that are expected to be settled within one year have been measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liability is settled.
Long-term employee benefits
Employee benefits payable later than one year have been measured at the present value of the estimated future cash outflows to be made for those benefits. Those cash outflows are discounted using market yields on notional government bonds with terms to maturity that match the expected timing of cash flows. In respect of long service leave, the probability of long service leave being taken is based upon historical data.
Contributions are made by the company to an employee superannuation fund and are charged as expenses when incurred.
Lease payments for operating leases, where substantially all the risks and benefits remain with the lessor, are charged as expenses on a straight-line basis over the lease term which is representative of the pattern of benefits derived from the leased assets.
1.10 Financial Instruments
The company has applied AASB 9 Financial Instruments for the first time for the annual reporting period commencing 1 July 2018. The adoption of AASB 9 had no significant impact on the company’s financial statements.
The company classifies its financial assets as those to be measured at amortised cost.
Recognition and derecognition
Regular way purchases and sales of financial assets are recognised on trade-date, the date on which the entity commits to purchase or sell the asset. Financial assets are derecognised when the rights to receive cash flows from the financial assets have expired or have been transferred and the company has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership.
At initial recognition, the company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset.
Subsequent measurement of assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortised cost. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income using the effective interest rate method. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition is recognised directly in profit or loss. Impairment losses are presented as separate line item in the statement of profit or loss.
The company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its debt instruments carried at amortised cost. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.
Receivables are amounts due from donors or customers for grants or services performed in the ordinary course of business. They are generally due for settlement within 30 days and therefore are all classified as current. Trade receivables are recognised initially at the amount of consideration that is unconditional unless they contain significant financing components, where they are recognised at fair value. The company holds the trade receivables with the objective to collect the contractual cash flows and therefore measures them subsequently at amortised cost using the effective interest method.
Due to the short-term nature of the current receivables, their carrying amount is considered to be the same as their fair value.
The company applies the AASB 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses which uses a lifetime expected loss allowance for all trade receivables. The expected loss rates are based on the payment profiles of sales over a period of 36 months before 30 June 2019 and the corresponding historical credit losses experienced within this period. The historical loss rates are adjusted to reflect current and forward – looking information on macroeconomic factors affecting the ability of the customers to settle the receivables.
Trade receivables are written off when there is no reasonable expectation of recovery. Impairment losses on trade receivables and contract assets are presented as net impairment losses within operating profit. Subsequent recoveries of amounts previously written off are credited against the same line item.
(ii) Held-to-maturity investments
Held-to-maturity investments are non-derivative financial assets that have fixed maturities and fixed or determinable payments, and it is the company’s intention to hold these investments to maturity. They are subsequently measured at amortised cost. Gains or losses are recognised in profit or loss through the amortisation process and when the financial asset is derecognised.
(iii) Trade and other payables
These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the company prior to the end of financial year which are unpaid. The amounts are unsecured and are usually paid within 30 days of recognition. Trade and other payables are presented as current liabilities unless payment is not due within 12 months after the reporting period. They are recognised initially at their fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.
1.11 Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities
The company measures some of its assets and liabilities at fair value on either a recurring or non- recurring basis, depending on the requirements of the applicable Accounting Standard.
Fair value is the price the company would receive to sell an asset or would have to pay to transfer a liability in an orderly (ie unforced) transaction between independent, knowledgeable and willing market participants at the measurement date.
As fair value is a market-based measure, the closest equivalent observable market pricing information is used to determine fair value. Adjustments to market values may be made having regard to the characteristics of the specific asset or liability. The fair values of assets and liabilities that are not traded in an active market are determined using one or more valuation techniques. These valuation techniques maximise, to the extent possible, the use of observable market data.
To the extent possible, market information is extracted from either the principal market for the asset or liability (ie the market with the greatest volume and level of activity for the asset or liability) or, in the absence of such a market, the most advantageous market available to the entity at the end of the reporting period (ie the market that maximises the receipts from the sale of the asset or minimises the payments made to transfer the liability, after taking into account transaction costs and transport costs).
For non-financial assets, the fair value measurement also takes into account a market participant’s ability to use the asset in its highest and best use or to sell it to another market participant that would use the asset in its highest and best use.
1.12 Goods and Services Tax (GST)
Revenues, expenses and receivables are recognised net of the amount of GST, except where the amount of GST incurred is not recoverable from the Australian Taxation Office (“ATO”). In these circumstances, the GST is recognised as part of the cost of acquisition of the asset or as part of an item of the expense. Receivables and payables in the statement of financial position are shown inclusive of GST. The net amount of GST recoverable from, or payable to, the ATO is included with other receivables or payables in the statement of financial position.
Cash flows are presented in the statement of cashflows on a gross basis, except for the GST component of investing and financing activities, which are disclosed as operating cash flows.
1.13 Comparative Figures
Where required by Accounting Standards, comparative figures have been adjusted to conform with changes in presentation for the current financial year.
When an entity applies an accounting policy retrospectively, makes a retrospective restatement or reclassifies items in its financial statements, a statement of financial position as at the beginning of the earliest comparative period must be disclosed.
No changes of comparative figures were required in the current financial year.
1.14 Critical Accounting Estimates, Judgments and Assumptions
The directors evaluate estimates and judgments incorporated into the financial statements based on historical knowledge and best available current information. Estimates assume a reasonable expectation of future events and are based on current trends and economic data, obtained both externally and within the company.
No accounting assumptions or estimates have been identified that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next reporting period.