Go to top of page

Appendix 5: Extradition and mutual assistance

This appendix provides an overview of the number of extradition and mutual assistance requests carried forward, made and received, and finalised during the 2019–20 financial year. This appendix also provides an overview of the number of International Transfer of Prisoner applications made during the 2019–20 financial year.

To ensure confidentiality, the department does not provide information about individual cases.

International transfer of prisoners

International transfer of prisoners

International transfer of prisoners

2018–19

2019–20

Applications made to transfer from Australia

26

33

Applications made to transfer to Australia

8

7

Extradition matters dealt with in 2019–20 or continuing

Extradition requests made by Australia

Extradition requests made by Australia

2019–20

Requests carried forward

33

New requests made

11

Requests granted

3

Requests withdrawn

1

Requests refused

1

Requests otherwise finalised

0

Requests continuing

39

Australian extradition requests granted

Australian extradition requests granted

2019–20

United Kingdom

1

United Arab Emirates

1

Canada

1

Citizenship of people surrendered to Australia

Citizenship of people surrendered to Australia

2019–20

Australian

2

Pakistani

1

Canadian

1

Note: As some of these people held dual nationality, the numbers total more than the number of people surrendered.

Categories of offences for which people were surrendered to Australia

Categories of offences for which people were surrendered to Australia

2019–20

Sex offences

1

Drug offences

2

Extradition requests made to Australia

Extradition requests made to Australia

2019–20

Requests carried forward1

80

New requests received

40

Requests granted by the Attorney-General

11

Requests withdrawn

1

Requests refused by the Attorney-General

3

Requests refused by the courts

0

Requests otherwise finalised

12

Requests continuing2

91

  1. This figure includes requests that were granted in 2018–19 but not surrendered until 2019–20.
  2. This figure includes requests that were granted in 2019–20 but the person was awaiting surrender at the end of that financial year.
Extradition requests granted by Australia

Countries to which people were surrendered by Australia

2019–20

Brazil

1

Ireland

1

Republic of Korea

1

UK

4

US

5

Citizenship of people surrendered by Australia

Citizenship of people surrendered by Australia

2019–20

Australian

3

American

2

Brazilian

1

British

2

Iranian

1

Irish

1

Pakistani

1

South Korean

1

Venezuelan

1

Note: As some of these people held dual nationality, the numbers total more than the number of people surrendered.

Major categories of offences for which people were surrendered

Major categories of offences for which people were surrendered

2019–20

Child sex offences

4

Drug offences

1

Fraud/money laundering

4

Property offences

1

Sexual assault

1

Violence offences

1

Note: The number of requests granted and number of persons surrendered in a financial year can differ due to the lapse of time between a surrender determination and a surrender being affected. Extradition requests vary considerably in complexity and the time it takes to resolve them. The complexity of an extradition request depends on the alleged criminal offence or offences and the alleged criminal conduct underlying the offence. The time taken to resolve an extradition request can vary from a few years, if a fugitive wishes to contest extradition and exercise all rights of review and appeal, to a few months if a fugitive consents to extradition.

Consular assistance and extradited Australian nationals

As provided in the 2018 Government Response to the Joint Standing Committee on Treaties Report 177, the department now provides additional information on the number of Australian nationals who have been extradited from Australia.

Number of Australian nationals who have been extradited from Australia

Year

Number of Australian nationals extradited

Status of trials at end of 2018–19

Status of trials at end of 2019–20

Number of persons still awaiting trial at end of 2019–20

Number of extradited Australian nationals receiving consular assistance

2018–19

4

Two people accepted a plea deal – one was sentenced to two years.

One person was sentenced to time served.

One person was acquitted.

1

1

2019–20

3

N/A

One set of proceedings have been permanently stayed.

2

1

Mutual assistance matters dealt with in 2019–20 or continuing

Mutual assistance in criminal matters requests made by Australia

Mutual assistance in criminal matters requests made by Australia

2019–20

Requests carried forward

531

New requests made/requests reopened

427

Requests finalised

370

Requests continuing

583

* Due to case database reporting constraints there is an anomaly between the recorded number of requests carried forward compared with the requests continuing when the new requests and requests finalised are taken into account. The Mutual Assistance case database was changed on 12 November 2019, with constraints of the former database impacting the availability of statistics. The reported requests continuing accurately reflects the cases on hand.

Mutual assistance in criminal matters requests made to Australia

Mutual assistance in criminal matters requests made to Australia

2019–20

Requests carried forward

294

New requests/requests reopened

477

Requests finalised

452

Requests continuing

342

Comparative statistics for extradition and mutual assistance cases

Extradition requests made by Australia, 2009–10 to 2019–20

Year

Cases carried forward

New requests made

Requests granted

Requests refused

Requests otherwise finalised

2009–10

30

19

13

3

2

2010–11

31

21

12

0

3

2011–12

37

14

9

0

5

2012–13

37

16

14

1

4

2013–14

34

15

18

0

6

2014–15

25

9

8

0

0

2015–16

24

6

5

3

2

2016–17

20

7

6

0

1

2017–18

20

19

9

2

1

2018–19

27

10

4

2

5

2019–20

33

11

3

1

1

Extradition requests made to Australia, 2009–10 to 2019–20

Year

Cases carried forward

New requests made

Requests granted

Requests refused

Requests otherwise finalised

2009–10

38

30

6

1

11

2010–11

50

23

5

0

11

2011–12

57

22

10

1

16

2012–13

52

23

11

2

15

2013–14

47

43

13

2

18

2014–15

57

32

10

1

13

2015–16

60

28

11

1

16

2016–17

60

16

9

1

1

2017–18

65

40

8

1

21

2018–19

79

40

17

2

10

2019–20

80

40

11

0

3

Mutual assistance requests made by Australia, 2009–10 to 2019–20

Year

Cases carried forward

New requests made

Requests finalised

Requests refused

2009–10

239

182

192

0

2010–11

229

203

175

0

2011–12

257

263

225

0

2012–13

295

292

259

0

2013–14

328

352

303

0

2014–15

377

338

321

0

2015–16

397

366

304

0

2016–17

468

307

294

0

2017–18

481

352

351

0

2018–19

535

412

416

0

2019–20

531

417

365

1

Mutual assistance requests made to Australia, 2009–10 to 2019–20

Year

Cases carried forward

New requests made

Requests finalised

Requests refused

2009–10

156

380

373

1

2010–11

162

427

438

0

2011–12

151

387

391

1

2012–13

146

398

385

1

2013–14

159

321

345

0

2014–15

135

340

316

0

2015–16

166

398

383

0

2016–17

192

429

375

0

2017–18

246

409

429

2

2018–19

326

460

492

2

2019–20

294

477

452

11

Breaches of undertakings

In response to the Joint Standing Committee on Treaties' Report 91 and the House Standing Committee on Social Policy and Legal Affairs’ Advisory report on the Extradition and Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation Amendment Bill 2011, the Australian Government undertook to report all breaches of undertakings in extradition or mutual assistance processes that come to the attention of the government, in the department’s annual report. No breaches of undertakings have come to the department’s attention in 2019-20. Additionally the department has not noted any breaches of substantive obligations contained in bilateral extradition treaties during the report period.