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1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The consolidated financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2020 comprise of ASC Pty Ltd (the Company) and its subsidiaries (together referred to as the “Group” or the “consolidated entity”). The financial statements are presented in Australian dollars.

The principal accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated

a. Basis of preparation

These general purpose financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Australian Accounting Standards and interpretations issued by the Australian Accounting Standards Board and the Corporations Act 2001. ASC is a for-profit entity for the purpose of preparing the financial statements.

i) Compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards

The consolidated financial statements of the Group also comply with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board .

Historical cost convention

These financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost basis, except for the following:

  • Financial assets and liabilities (including derivative instruments) - measured at fair value
  • Retirement benefit obligations - plan assets measured at fair value

Critical accounting estimate and judgements

The preparation of financial statements requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise its judgement in the process of applying the Group’s accounting policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgement or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the financial statements, are disclosed in note 2.

Going concern

The working capital for the Group has changed during the year to $77,355,000 (2019: $67,684,000). The financial statements are prepared on a going concern basis due to the following reasons:

  • The Group has received a $32m working capital advance from the customer on its largest contract (ISSC) to assist with matching the timing of the receipts of billings with the timing of payments for operating expenditure;
  • Net assets of $146,256,000 (June 2019: $134,288,000);
  • The Group is profitable;
  • $47,000,000 overdraft facility not utilised at balance date; and
  • $30,000,000 multi option facility not utilised at balance date.

Rounding of amounts

The consolidated entity is of a kind referred to in Instrument 2016/191, issued by ASIC, relating to the ‘rounding off’ of amounts in the financial report. Amounts in the financial report have been rounded off to the nearest thousand dollars in accordance with the Instrument unless otherwise stated.

The accounting policies have been applied consistently by all entities within the consolidated entity.

(ii) Revised standards and interpretations applied

A number of new or amended standards became applicable for the current reporting period. The Group had to change its accounting policies and make retrospective adjustments as a result of adopting AASB 16 Leases. The impact of the adoption of the leasing standard and the new accounting policies are disclosed in note 1(a)(iii) below. The other standards did not have any impact on the Group’s accounting policies and did not require retrospective adjustments.

(iii) Change in accounting policy

AASB 16 Leases

This standard replaces AASB 117 Leases. The adoption of this new standard has resulted in the Group recognising a right-of-use asset and related lease liability in connection with all former operating leases except for those identified as low-value or having a remaining lease term of less than 12 months from the initial date of application.

The Group has adopted AASB 16 retrospectively from 1 July 2019, but has not restated comparatives for the 2019 reporting period, as permitted under the specific transitional provisions in the standard. The reclassifications and the adjustments arising from the new leasing rules are therefore recognised in the opening balance sheet on 1 July 2019. On transition, for leases previously accounted for as an operating lease with a remaining lease term of less than 12 months and for leases of low-value assets the Group has applied the practical expedient to not recognise the right-of-use assets but to account for the lease expense on a straight line basis over the remaining lease term.

On transition to the new standard, the weighted average incremental borrowing rate applied to lease liabilities recognised under the new standard was 3.75%.

The Group has elected not to include direct costs in the measurement of the right-of-use asset for operating leases in existence at the date of initial application, being 1 July 2019. At this date, the Group has also elected to measure the right-of-use assets at an amount equal to the lease liability, adjusted for any prepaid or accrued lease payments that existed at the date of transition.

Instead of performing an impairment review of the right-of-use assets at the date of initial application, the Group has relied on its assessment of whether leases were onerous applying AASB 137 Provisions, Contingent Assets and Contingent Liabilities immediately before the date of initial application.

Practical expedients applied

In applying AASB 16 for the first time, the Group has used the following practical expedients permitted by the standard:

  • Applying a single discount rate to a portfolio of leases with reasonable similar characteristics;
  • Relying on a previous assessments on whether leases are onerous as an alternative to performing an impairment review - there were no onerous contracts as at 1 July 2019;
  • Accounting for operating leases with a remaining lease term of less than 12 months as at 1 July 2019 as short-term leases;
  • Excluding initial direct costs for the measurement of the right-of-use asset at the date of initial application; and
  • Using hindsight in determining the lease term where the contract contains options to extend or terminate the lease.

The Group has also elected not to reassess whether a contract is, or contains a lease at the date of initial application. Instead, for contracts entered into before the transition date the group relied on its assessment made applying AASB 117 and Interpretation 4 Determining whether an Arrangement contains a Lease.

The following is the impact of implementation of the new standard to the Group's statement of financial position at 1 July 2019

Balance sheet extract

As reported

Impact of AASB 16

Revised

30 June 2019

1 July 2019

$'000

$'000

$'000

Right-of-use assets

-

149,683

149,683

Total non-current assets

73,207

-

222,890

Total assets

432,370

-

582,053

Lease liabilities - current

-

12,957

12,957

Total current liabilities

291,479

-

304,436

Lease liabilities - current

-

136,726

136,726

Total non-current liabilities

6,603

-

143,329

Total liabilities

298,082

-

447,765

Total equity

134,288

-

134,288

The following is a reconciliation of total operating lease commitments disclosed applying AASB 117 at 30 June 2019 to the lease liabilities recognised at 1 July 2019.

$'000

Total operating lease commitment disclosed at 30 June 2019

113,683

Recogniton exemptions:

- low value leases

-45

- leases with remaining lease terms of less than 12 months

-13,101

Amounts payable to Australian Naval Infrastructure Pty Ltd under the Transitional Services Agreement not included at 30 June 2019

79,732

Other adjustments relating to commitment disclosures

2,638

69,225

Operating lease liabilities before discounting

182,907

Discounted using incremental borrowing rate

-33,224

Lease liability recognised under AASB 16 at 1 July 2019

149,683

Previous policy (effective to 30 June 2019)

Leases of property, plant and equipment where the Group, as lessee, has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are recognised as an asset and liability at the lower of the amounts equal to the fair value of the leased property or the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding rental obligations, net of finance charges, are included in other short-term and long-term payables. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to profit or loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period. The property, plant and equipment acquired under finance leases is depreciated over the asset's useful life or over the shorter of the asset’s useful life and the lease term if there is no reasonable certainty that the Group will obtain ownership at the end of the lease term.

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the Group as lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are charged to profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

Current policy (effective from 1 July 2019)

At the start of a contract, the Group determines whether a contract is, or contains, a lease. Contracts may contain both lease and non-lease components. The Group allocates the consideration in the contract to the lease and non-lease component based on their relative stand-alone prices.

At lease commencement date, the Group recognises a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet. The right-of-use asset is measured at cost, which is made up of the initial measurement of the lease liability, any initial direct costs incurred by the Group, an estimate of any costs to dismantle and remove the asset at the end of the lease, and any lease payments made in advance of the lease commencement date (net of any incentives received).

The Group depreciates the right-of-use assets on a straight-line basis from the lease commencement date to the earlier of the end of the useful life of the right-of-use asset or the end of the lease term. The Group also assesses the right-of-use asset for impairment when such indicators exist.

Lease payments included in the measurement of the lease liability are made up of fixed payments (including in substance fixed) less any lease incentives receivable, variable payments that are dependent on an index or rate (initially measured using the index or rate as at the commencement date), amounts expected to be payable under a residual value guarantee or early termination clause, if the early termination is reasonably expected and payments arising from options reasonably certain to be exercised. Lease payments to be made under reasonably certain extension options are also included in the measurement of the liability.

The Group measures the lease liability at the present value of the lease payments discounted using the interest rate implicit in the lease if that rate is readily available or the Group’s incremental borrowing rate (being the rate that the individual lessee would have to pay to borrow the funds necessary to obtain an asset of similar value to the right-of-use asset in a similar economic environment with similar terms, security and conditions).

Subsequent to initial measurement, the liability will be reduced for payments made and increased for interest. It is remeasured to reflect any reassessment or modification, or if there are changes in in-substance fixed payments. When the lease liability is remeasured, the corresponding adjustment is reflected in the right-of-use asset, or profit and loss if the right-of-use asset is already reduced to zero

The Group is exposed to potential future increases in variable lease payments based on an index or rate, which are not included in the lease liability until they take effect. When adjustments to lease payments based on an index or rate take effect, the lease liability is reassessed and adjusted against the right-of-use asset.

Lease payments are allocated between principal and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to the profit or loss over the lease period so as to product a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period.

For short-term leases and leases of low-value assets, the payments in relation to these are recognised as an expense in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term instead of recognising a right-of-use asset and lease liability. Short-term leases are leases with a lease term of 12 months or less. Low-value leases comprise various pool cars.

(iv) Impact of standards issued but not yet applied

Certain new accounting standards, interpretations and amendments have been published that are not mandatory for 30 June 2020 reporting periods and have not been early adopted by the Group. These standards are not expected to have a material impact on the Group in the current or future reporting periods and on foreseeable future transactions.

b. Principles of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements incorporate the assets, liabilities and the results of entities controlled by the Company (subsidiaries) as at the end of the reporting period.

Subsidiaries are all entities (including structured entities) over which the Group has control. The Group controls an entity when the Group is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power to direct the activities of the entity. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group. Details of the subsidiaries are set out in note 17 . They are deconsolidated from the date that control ceases.

The acquisition method of accounting is used to account for business combinations by the Group and is disclosed in accordance with AASB 3 Business Combinations.

Intercompany transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between Group entities are eliminated. Unrealised losses are also eliminated unless the transaction provides evidence of the impairment of the asset transferred. Accounting policies of subsidiaries have been changed where necessary to ensure consistency with the policies adopted by the Group

c. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised when control of a good or service transfers to the customer and is measured as the amount that reflects the consideration to which the Group expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services.

Revenue is recognised depending on the type of contract as described below.

Target Cost Estimate contract

Revenue is traded on the cost as it is incurred while profit is based on a performance score against the contract and pain/gain formula based on cost. As the contract progresses and the profit estimates are refined, so is the value of the profit to be traded. If the outcome of the pain/gain calculation cannot be reliably estimated until late in the contract, no pain/gain is recognised until it is capable of reliable estimation.

Cost reimbursable contract

If costs are reimbursed progressively as it is incurred with no exposure to risk, revenue and profit is traded on the cost as it is incurred.

Fixed price contract

Revenue is recognised progressively as costs are incurred using the proportion of actual cost incurred over total contract cost as the measure of performance.

Survey and Quote contract

If the value of work performed is provided progressively to the customer, revenue and profit is to be recognised on the cost as it is incurred. If the customer is obliged to make payment on completion and delivery, revenue recognition will be deferred until the end of the contract.

Services contract

The extent of services to be provided under a contract is assessed to determine the number of deliverables and the period over which the deliverables are completed. The cost of delivery is determined for each deliverable with revenue and profit being recognised progressively over the period in which the deliverables are satisfied.

Interest income

Interest income on financial assets at amortised cost is recognised in profit or loss. Interest income is calculated by applying the effective interest rate to the gross carrying amount of a financial asset, except for financial assets that subsequently become credit-impaired. For credit-impaired financial assets ,the effective interest rate is applied to the net carrying amount of the financial asset (after deduction of the loss allowance) .

d. Contract balances

The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections result in billed accounts receivable, unbilled receivables (contract assets) and customer deposits and advances (contract liabilities) on the statement of financial position.

Contract assets

Billing occurs subsequent to revenue recognition, resulting in contract assets. Amounts are billed as work in progress in accordance with agreed-upon contractual terms at periodic intervals or upon achievement of contractual milestones.

Contract liabilities

Advances received, progress billings received in advance of the performance of contract activities, labour over recoveries and project losses are recognised as contract liabilities.

e. Foreign currency

Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group’s entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (‘the functional currency’). The consolidated financial statements are presented in Australian dollars, which is the Company’s functional and presentation currency.

Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at year end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in profit or loss, except when they are deferred in equity as qualifying cash flow hedges and qualifying net investment hedges or are attributable to part of the net investment in a foreign operation.

Foreign exchange differences arising in respect of contract work in progress, to the extent they are recoverable, are included in the measurement of the contract billings and work in progress costs. To the extent they are not recoverable, foreign exchange gains and losses are recognised in profit or loss.

Non-monetary items that are measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined. Translation differences on assets and liabilities carried at fair value are reported as part of the fair value gain or loss. Translation differences on non-monetary assets and liabilities such as equities held at fair value through profit or loss are recognised in profit or loss as part of the fair value gain or loss and translation differences on non-monetary assets such as equities classified as fair value of other comprehensive income are recognised in other comprehensive income.

f. Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items. Cost may also include transfers from equity of any gains or losses on qualifying cash flow hedges of foreign currency purchases of property, plant and equipment.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognised when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to profit or loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

Depreciation on assets is calculated using the straight-line method to allocate their cost or revalued amounts, net of their residual values, over their estimated useful lives or, in the case of leasehold improvements and certain leased plant and equipment, the shorter lease term as follows:

  • Plant and equipment 3-20 years

Assets are tested for impairment whenever events and changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. Further details are disclosed in note 1(o).

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing proceeds with carrying amount. These are included in the statement of comprehensive income. When revalued assets are sold, it is the Group policy to transfer any amounts included in other reserves in respect of those assets to retained earnings.

g. Taxation

Tax consolidation

The Company and its wholly-owned Australian subsidiaries have formed an income tax consolidation group under the tax consolidation legislation since 1 July 2002. As a consequence, these entities are taxed as a single entity and the deferred tax assets and liabilities of these entitles are set off in the consolidated financial statements.

In addition to its own current and deferred tax amounts, the Group also recognises the current tax liabilities (or assets) and the deferred tax assets arising from unused tax losses and unused tax credits assumed from controlled entities in the tax consolidated group.

Assets or liabilities arising under tax funding agreements with the tax consolidated entities are recognised as amounts receivable from or payable to other entities in the Group.

Any difference between the amounts assumed and amounts receivable or payable under the tax funding agreement are recognised as a contribution to (or distribution from) wholly-owned tax consolidated entities.

Accounting for income tax

The income tax expense or revenue for the period is the tax payable on the current period’s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate for each jurisdiction adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses.

The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period in the countries where the Company’s subsidiaries and associates operate and generate taxable income. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

Deferred income tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the consolidated financial statements. However, the deferred income tax is not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss. Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realised or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilise those temporary differences and losses.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are not recognised for temporary differences between the carrying amount and tax bases of investments in controlled entities where the parent entity is able to control the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences and it is probable that the differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority. Current tax assets and tax liabilities are offset where the entity has a legally enforceable right to offset and intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Current and deferred tax is recognised in profit or loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

h. Employee benefits

Short-term obligations

Liabilities for wages and salaries, including non-monetary benefits, annual leave and accumulating sick leave expected to be settled within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognised in respect of employees' services up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled. The liability for accumulating sick leave is recognised in the provision for employee benefits. All other short-term employee benefit obligations are presented as payables.

Other long-term employee benefit obligations

The liabilities for long service leave and annual leave are not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. They are recognised in the provision for employee benefits and measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the end of the reporting period using the projected unit credit method. Consideration is given to expected future wage and salary levels, experience of employee departures and periods of service. Expected future payments are discounted using market yields at the end of the reporting period of corporate bonds with terms and currency that match, as closely as possible, the estimated future cash outflows. Remeasurements as a result of experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in profit or loss.

The obligations are presented as current liabilities in the statement of financial position if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting date, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur.

Retirement benefit obligations

All employees of the Group who elect to join the Group’s superannuation plan are entitled to benefits from the Group’s superannuation plan on retirement, disability or death or can direct the Group to make contributions to a defined benefit contribution plan of their choice. The Group has a defined benefit section and a defined contribution section. The defined benefit section provides defined lump sum benefits based on years of service and final average salary. The defined contribution section receives fixed contributions from entities within the Group and the Group’s legal or constructive obligation is limited to these contributions.

The liability or asset recognised in the statement of financial position in respect of defined benefit superannuation plans is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the end of the reporting period less the fair value of plan assets. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by independent actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

The present value of the defined benefit obligation is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows using market yields of corporate bonds that are denominated in the currency in which the benefits will be paid, and that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. In countries where there is a deep market in high-quality corporate bonds, the market rates on those bonds are used rather than government bonds.

Remeasurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in the period in which they occur, directly in other comprehensive income. They are included in retained earnings in the statement of changes in equity and in the statement of financial position.

Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation resulting from plan amendments or curtailments are recognised immediately in profit or loss as past service costs.

Contributions to the defined contribution section of the Group’s superannuation fund and other independent defined contribution superannuation funds are recognised as expense as they become payable. Prepaid contributions are recognised as an asset to the extent that a cash refund or a reduction in the future payments is available.

Termination benefits that are in any way dependent on providing future services will be recognised prospectively over the future service period.

i. Trade and other receivables

Trade and other receivables are recognised initially at the amount of consideration that is unconditional unless they contain significant financing components, when they are recognised at fair value. The Group holds trade receivables with the objective of collecting the contractual cash flows and therefore subsequently measures them at amortised cost using the effective interest method. Trade receivables are generally due for settlement within 30 days. They are presented as current assets unless collection is not expected for more than twelve months after the reporting date. Refer to note 1(n) for impairment of financial assets.

j. Trade and other payables

These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the Group prior to the end of financial year which are unpaid. The amounts are unsecured and are usually paid within 30 days of recognition. Trade and other payables are presented as current liabilities unless payment is not due within twelve months from the reporting date. They are recognised initially at their fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

k. Goods and Services Tax (GST)

Revenues, expenses and assets are recognised net of the amount of associated GST, unless the GST incurred is not recoverable from the taxation authority. In this case it is recognised as part of the cost of acquisition of the asset or as part of the expense.

Receivables and payables are stated inclusive of the amount of GST receivable or payable. The net amount of GST recoverable from, or payable to, the taxation authority is included with other receivables or payables in the statement of financial position.

Cash flows are presented on a gross basis. The GST components of cash flows arising from investing or financing activities which are recoverable from, or payable to the taxation authority, are presented as operating cash flows.

l. Provisions

A provision is recognised in the statement of financial position when the consolidated entity has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and the amount has been reliably estimated. Provisions are not recognised for future operating losses.

Provisions are measured at the present value of management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognised as interest expense.

Self insurance

The Group self-insures for risks associated with workers compensation for all staff in South Australia. Outstanding claims are recognised when an incident occurs that may give rise to a claim and are measured at the cost that the entity expects to incur in settling the claims, discounted using a rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the liability. The provision is based on an actuarial assessment.

When some or all of the economic benefits required to settle a provision are expected to be recovered from a third party, the recovery receivable is recognised as an asset when it is probable that the recovery will be received and is measured on a basis consistent with the measurement of the related provision.

In the statement of comprehensive income, the expense recognised in respect of a provision is presented net of the recovery.

In the statement of financial position, the provision is recognised net of the recovery receivable when the entity:

  • has a legally recognised right to offset the recovery receivable and the provision; and
  • intends to settle on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the provision simultaneously.

m. Inventories

Inventories are measured at the lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost comprises direct materials, direct labour and an appropriate proportion of variable and fixed overhead expenditure, the latter being allocated on the basis of normal operating capacity. Costs are assigned to individual items of inventory on the basis of weighted average costs. Costs of purchased inventory are determined after deducting rebates and discounts. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

n. Impairment

Financial assets

The Group measures the expected credit losses of its financial assets from the moment of its acquisition and throughout the life of the financial asset. Expected credit losses are a probability-weighted estimate of credit

losses. A credit loss is the difference between the cash flows that are due to the Group in accordance with the contract and the cash flows that the entity expects to receive discounted at the original effective interest rate. The amount of impairment loss is recognised in profit or loss within other expenses. If, in a subsequent period, the amount of the expected credit loss decreases and the decrease can be related objectively to an event occurring after the expected credit loss was recognised, the reversal of the previously recognised expected credit loss is recognised in profit or loss.

Non financial assets

Assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs to sell and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets (cash-generating units). Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered an impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at the end of each reporting period.

o. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include:

  • cash at bank and on hand;
  • deposits held at call with financial institutions
  • other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value; and
  • bank overdrafts.

Bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities in the statement of financial position.

Included in the cash at bank are amounts advanced to the Company and to ASC AWD Shipbuilder Pty Ltd, a subsidiary within the Group, by the Commonwealth of Australia (CoA), for the purpose of funding the working capital requirement of the Collins Class submarine ISSC and the Hobart Class Air Warfare Destroyer project. The amounts advanced have certain contractual restrictions placed on their use. The funds maintained may only be applied to direct project expenditure incurred and claims for reimbursement from the CoA. This amount has been disclosed at note 7(a).

p. Financial assets

Financial assets are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortised cost. They are included in current assets, except for those with maturities greater than 12 months after the reporting period which are classified as non-current assets.

Recognition and de-recognition

Regular purchases and sales of financial assets are recognised on trade-date (the date on which the Group commits to purchase or sell the asset). Financial assets are derecognised when the rights to receive cash flows from the financial assets have expired or have been transferred and the Group has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership.

Measurement

At initial recognition, the Group measures a financial asset at its fair value, less any expected credit losses, plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly

attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in profit or loss.

q. Interest and non interest bearing liabilities

Borrowings are initially recognised at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Borrowings are subsequently measured at amortised cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption amount is recognised in profit or loss over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method. Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are recognised as transaction costs of the loan to the extent that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down. In this case, the fee is deferred until the draw down occurs.

To the extent there is no evidence that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down, the fee is capitalised as a prepayment for liquidity services and amortised over the period of the facility to which it relates.

Borrowings are removed from the statement of financial position when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expired. The difference between the carrying amount of a financial liability that has been extinguished or transferred to another party and the consideration paid, including any non-cash assets transferred or liabilities assumed, is recognised in profit or loss as other income or finance costs.

Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Group has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period.

r. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs incurred for the construction of any qualifying asset are capitalised during the period of time that is required to complete and prepare the asset for the intended use or sale. Other borrowing costs are expensed.

s. Dividends

Provision is made for the amount of any dividend declared, being appropriately authorised and no longer at the discretion of the Company, on or before the end of the reporting period but not distributed at the end of the reporting period. Provision must be made in compliance with s 254T of the Corporations Act 2001.

t. Financial guarantee contracts

Financial guarantee contracts are recognised as a financial liability at the time the guarantee is issued. The liability is initially measured at fair value and subsequently at the higher of the amount determined in accordance with the expected credit loss model under AASB 9 Financial Instruments and the amount initially recognised less, where appropriate, the cumulative amount of income recognised in accordance with the principles of AASB 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers.

The fair value of financial guarantees is determined as the present value of the difference in net cash flows between the contractual payments under the debt instrument and the payments that would be required without the guarantee, or the estimated amount that would be payable to a third party for assuming the obligations.

Where guarantees in relation to loans or other payables of associates or subsidiaries are provided for no compensation, the fair values are accounted for as contributions and recognised as part of the cost of the investment.

u. Parent entity financial information

The financial information for the parent entity, ASC Pty Ltd, disclosed in note 18 has been prepared on the same basis as the consolidated financial statements, except as set out below.

(i) Investments in subsidiaries

Investments in subsidiaries are accounted for at cost in the financial statements of ASC Pty Ltd.

(ii) Financial guarantees

Where the parent entity has provided financial guarantees in relation to loans and payables of subsidiaries for no compensation, the fair values of these guarantees are accounted for as contributions and recognised as part of the cost of the investment.

v. Contributed equity

Ordinary shares are classified as equity