Go to top of page

Glossary

AASB

Australian Accounting Standards Board.

AAT

Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act

Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

ADR

Alternative dispute resolution: the umbrella term for a range of processes for resolving a dispute other than a hearing and decision.

Affirm

If the Tribunal affirms a decision, the original decision is not changed.

Applicant

The individual or organisation that has lodged an application with the Tribunal.

Appropriation

An amount authorised by Parliament to be drawn from the Consolidated Revenue Fund or Loan Fund for a particular purpose, or the amount so authorised. Appropriations are contained in specific legislation – notably, but not exclusively, the Appropriation Acts.

APS

Australian Public Service.

APSC

Australian Public Service Commission

APS employee

A person engaged under section 22, or a person who is engaged as an APS employee under section 72, of the Public Service Act 1999.

ASIO

Australian Security Intelligence Organisation.

AusTender

The Australian Government’s procurement information system.

Bridging visa

A bridging visa is a temporary visa generally granted to an eligible non-citizen to enable them to remain lawfully in Australia for one of a number of specified reasons, the most common being while they are awaiting the outcome of an application for a substantive visa.

Case appraisal

An alternative dispute resolution process conducted by a Tribunal member or other person, chosen on the basis of their knowledge of the subject matter, who assists the parties to resolve the dispute by providing a non-binding opinion on the facts in dispute and likely outcomes.

China

The People’s Republic of China.

Complementary protection

Circumstances where there are substantial grounds for believing that, as a necessary and foreseeable consequence of being removed from Australia to a receiving country, there is a real risk a person will suffer significant harm.

Conciliation

An alternative dispute resolution process in which a Tribunal member, conference registrar or other person assists the parties to identify the issues in dispute and endeavour to reach an agreement. The conciliator has no determinative role but may advise on or determine the conciliation process, make suggestions on terms of settlement and actively encourage the parties to reach an agreement.

Conference

A meeting conducted by a Tribunal member, conference registrar or other person with the parties and/or their representatives. Conferences provide an opportunity to discuss and define the issues in dispute, identify further evidence that may be gathered, explore whether the matter can be settled and discuss the future conduct of the matter.

Confidentiality order

An order made by the Tribunal directing that a hearing or part of a hearing be held in private, or prohibiting or restricting the publication or other disclosure of information tending to reveal the identity of a party, witness or related person, information comprising evidence or about evidence, or information otherwise lodged with or given to the Tribunal.

Corporate governance

The process by which entities are directed and controlled. It is generally understood to encompass authority, accountability, stewardship, leadership, direction and control.

COVID-19

Short for ‘Coronavirus Disease 2019’ the name of the disease caused by the novel coronavirus. COVID-19 was officially declared by the World Health Organization as a pandemic on 11 March 2020.

CSS

Commonwealth Superannuation Scheme.

Directions hearing

A brief hearing conducted by a Tribunal member to discuss the progress of a case or deal with issues arising in a case, particularly if there has been delay by a party.

Dismissed

The Tribunal may dismiss an application without proceeding to review the decision in defined circumstances, including if the applicant: fails to appear at an ADR process, directions hearing or hearing; fails to proceed with an application; or fails to comply with a direction.

FBT

Fringe Benefits Tax.

FCA

Federal Court of Australia.

FCAFC

Full Court of the Federal Court of Australia.

FOI

Freedom of information.

Freedom of Information Act

Freedom of Information Act 1982.

FRR

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability (Financial Reporting) Rule 2015.

Grant

An arrangement for the provision of financial assistance by the Commonwealth or on behalf of the Commonwealth and covered by the Commonwealth Grants Rules and Guidelines.

GST

Goods and Services Tax.

Guide to Refugee Law

The Guide to Refugee Law in Australia was developed in 1996 as a reference tool for members and staff of the RRT. It contains an analysis of the legal issues relevant to the determination of refugee status in Australia and is regularly updated to reflect developments in the law.

HCA

High Court of Australia.

Hearing

The occasion at which the parties may present evidence and submissions in relation to an application, including for a review of a decision to the Tribunal member(s) who will decide the case.

IAA

Immigration Assessment Authority.

Interlocutory hearing

A hearing in relation to any application made by a party that relates to an application for a review of a decision, including any of the following kinds of application: to extend the time to lodge an application for a review; to be joined as a party to a proceeding; to make a confidentiality order; to stay the operation or implementation of the decision under review; to dismiss an application; or to reinstate an application.

IPS

Information Publication Scheme.

Jurisdiction

The scope of the Tribunal’s power to review decisions.

Mediation

An alternative dispute resolution process during which a Tribunal member, conference registrar or other person assists the parties to identify the issues in dispute, develop options, consider alternatives and endeavour to reach an agreement. The mediator has no advisory or determinative role in relation to the content of the dispute but may advise on or determine the mediation process.

Migration Act

Migration Act 1958.

MRT

Migration Review Tribunal.

NAATI

National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters.

NDIS

National Disability Insurance Scheme.

Neutral evaluation

An alternative dispute resolution process in which a Tribunal member or other person, chosen on the basis of their knowledge of the subject matter, assists the parties to resolve the dispute by evaluating the facts and law at issue in the dispute and providing a non-binding opinion on the likely outcomes.

Non-ongoing APS employee

A person engaged as an APS employee under subsection 22(2)(b) or 22(2)(c) of the Public Service Act 1999 for a specific period of time.

On the papers

A decision based on the documents before the AAT or IAA, made without a hearing or interview.

Ongoing APS employee

A person engaged as an APS employee under subsection 22(2)(a) of the Public Service Act 1999

OPA

Official Public Account.

Outcomes

The results, impacts or consequences of a purpose or activity, as defined in the annual Appropriation Acts and the portfolio budget statements, by a Commonwealth entity and company.

Party

A participant in a proceeding before the Tribunal. A party includes the person who makes the application to the Tribunal and, in certain divisions, the decision‑maker or other respondent to the application and any other person joined to the proceeding on the basis their interests are affected by the decision under review.

PGPA Act

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013.

PGPA (Financial Reporting) Rule 2015

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability (Financial Reporting) Rule 2015.

Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements

Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements inform parliament of changes in resourcing since the Budget, providing information on new measures and their impact on the financial and non-financial planned performance of agencies.

Portfolio Budget Statements

Portfolio Budget Statements explain the Budget appropriations for entities within a portfolio in terms of outcomes and programs.

Programs

Commonwealth programs delivers benefits, services or transfer payments to individuals, organisations or the community as a whole, and/or policy advice to inform government decisions. A program is comprised of activities or groups of activities, as defined in the annual Appropriations Acts and portfolio budget statements. Related term: Outcomes

Protection visa

A class of visas, a criterion for which is that the applicant for the visa is a non‑citizen in Australia to whom Australia has protection obligations (the applicant is a refugee or is owed complementary protection) or is a non‑citizen in Australia who is the spouse or a dependant of a non-citizen who holds a protection visa.

PSS

Public Sector Superannuation Scheme.

PSSap

Public Sector Superannuation accumulation plan.

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013.

Public Service Act

Public Service Act 1999.

Refugee

A person who is outside their country and is unable or unwilling to go back because they have a well-founded fear of being persecuted because of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group.

Registry

A public facing office of the AAT.

Remit

If the Tribunal remits a matter, it sends the matter back to the original decision-maker to be reconsidered in accordance with any directions or recommendations of the Tribunal.

Responsible Minister

The minister who is responsible for matters described under the Administrative Arrangements Order (AAO). Each Commonwealth entity and company has a responsible minister, which one depends on the matters that the entity or company deals with, or otherwise prescribed by the rules.

RRT

Refugee Review Tribunal.

Rtd

Retired.

Service charter

A public statement about the service that an entity will provide and what customers can expect from the entity. In particular, the service charter advises what the entity does, how to contact and communicate with the entity, the standard of service that customers can expect, and their basic rights and responsibilities, and how to provide feedback or make a complaint.

SES

Senior Executive Service.

Sessional member

A part-time member who works on a sessional basis.

Set aside

If the Tribunal sets aside a decision under review, the original decision no longer stands. The Tribunal may make a new decision or remit the matter to the original decision-maker.

SSAT

Social Security Appeals Tribunal.

Tribunal

Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

Unauthorised maritime arrivals

Asylum seekers that arrive in Australia by sea without a visa.

Vary

If the Tribunal varies a decision under review, the original decision is changed or altered in some way.

WHS

Work health and safety.

Withdrawn

An applicant can decide to withdraw or discontinue an application at any time before the Tribunal makes a decision or dismisses the application.

Work Health and Safety Act

Work Health and Safety Act 2011.